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Lecture 4 - Diversities in Communication (cont'd)

by: Leslie Ogu

Lecture 4 - Diversities in Communication (cont'd) COMM 1041

Marketplace > George Washington University > Communication > COMM 1041 > Lecture 4 Diversities in Communication cont d
Leslie Ogu
GPA 3.01

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About this Document

We continue where we left off with the discussion of diversities of communication and talk about less typical diversities, such as body image, communication skills; culture; and different types of ...
Interpersonal Communication
Dona Louise Coultice-Christian
Class Notes
communcation, Interpersonal, individual, collective, orientation, high, low, context, power, distance, masculine, feminine, ambiguity, long-term, short-term, alternate, time, monochronic, polychronic, indulgence, restraint, Intercultural, Culture, shock, enculturation, acculturation, evolution, reevaluation
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Leslie Ogu on Sunday September 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to COMM 1041 at George Washington University taught by Dona Louise Coultice-Christian in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Interpersonal Communication in Communication at George Washington University.


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Date Created: 09/11/16
Leslie Ogu COMM 1041  09/08/2016 ­ ​ iversities in Communication (cont’d)    Less Typical Diversities  ● Body Image  ● Communication skills  ● Personalities  ● Life experiences  ● Birth Order  ● Environment    Culture  ● Hallmarks  ○ Learned system  ○ Knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, values, norms  ○ Shared by a group  ○  Passed on through generations  ○ Through verbal and nonverbal communication    Culture Terms  ● Enculturation:​ learning the culture you’re born into  ● Acculturation:  ​ learning a new culture  ● Cultural Evolution:​ some cultures are advanced; some are primitive  ● Cultural Revelation:​ cultures are right for where they are ­ neither superior nor  inferior    Cultural Diversity ­​ ​Geert Hofstede  ● Individual / Collective Orientation  ○ Individual  ■ Personal success:​ surpassing others  ■ Power, achievement  ■ Self & immediate family  ■ United States  ○ Collective  ■ Group success:​ contribution to the whole  ■ Conformity / tradition  ■ Entire group  ■ Central / South America  ● High / Low Context  ○ High Context  ■ Information in person / context  ■ Face­Saving, reluctant to say “no”  ■ Asian Countries  ○ Low Context  ■ Information in verbal message  ■ Direct, explicit  ■ German, Scandinavian, United States  ● Power Distance  ○ High Power Distance  ■ Power held by a few  ■ Students totally respectful of teacher  ■ Romantic partners chosen with class  ■ Malaysia, Philippines, India  ○ Low Power Distance  ■ Power evenly distributed  ■ Students welcome to challenge teachers  ■ Romantic partners chosen by personal characteristics  ■ Northern Europe  ● Masculine / Feminine  ○ Masculine  ■ Achievement  ■ Aggressive  ■ Emphasize success  ■ Confront conflict  ■ Japan  ○ Feminine  ■ Nurturance  ■ Modesty  ■ Quality of life  ■ Compromise  ■ Scandinavia  ● High / Low­Ambiguity Tolerance  ○ High­Ambiguity Tolerance  ■ Comfortable with unknown  ■ Minimize rules  ■ Singapore (US­11th)  ○ Low­Ambiguity Tolerance  ■ Avoid uncertainty; high anxiety  ■ Clear­cut rules  ■ Greece  ● Long / Short­Term Orientation  ○ Long­Term Orientation  ■ Future rewards  ■ Old age revered  ■ Success attributed to efforts  ■ Asia, Eastern Europe  ○ Short­Term Orientation  ■ Look to past and present  ■ Old age unpleasant  ■ Success attributed to luck  ■ Puerto Rico, Ghana  ● Alternate Time Orientation  ○ Monochronic  ■ One thing at a time  ■ Time is money  ■ Schedules  ■ United States  ○ Polychronic  ■ Multiple things happening  ■ Relationships more important than schedules  ■ As life happens  ■ Latin America  ● Indulgence / Restraint  ○ Indulgence  ■ Instant gratification  ■ Have fun ­ enjoy  ■ Satisfied with life  ■ Little value on thrift  ■ Central / South America  ○ Restraint  ■ Delayed gratification  ■ Focus on social norms  ■ Unsatisfied with life  ■ Great value on thrift  ■ Pakistan, Eastern Europe      Intercultural Communication  ● Educate yourself  ● Recognize differences  ● Confront stereotypes (yours and others)  ● Reduce your ​ethnocentrism​ (tendency to see others through your own cultural  lens ­ and judge them as wrong)  ● Adjust your communication    Culture Shock  ● Def:​ the reaction you experience when you’re in a culture very different from your  own  ○ Honeymoon Stage  ○ Crisis Stage  ○ Recovery Stage  ○ Adjustment Stage   


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