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by: Taylor Copeland

SYG2000_ WEEK 3 NOTES syg2000

Marketplace > University of Florida > Sociology > syg2000 > SYG2000_ WEEK 3 NOTES
Taylor Copeland
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About this Document

These notes cover the entire chapter beginning to end.
Mary K. Fitzgerald
Class Notes




Popular in Sociology

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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Taylor Copeland on Sunday September 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to syg2000 at University of Florida taught by Mary K. Fitzgerald in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 52 views. For similar materials see Sociology in Sociology at University of Florida.


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Date Created: 09/11/16
SYG2000- Chapter 3(CULTURE) Chapter 3(CULTURE) Sunday, September 11, 2016 11:42 AM Culture- Culture is one of the fundamental elements of social life and thus a very important topic in sociology. 1 Culture is the entire way of life of a group of people a How do sociologists focus on their culture? i Like discussed in Ch.1- Functionalism, Conflict Theory, Symbolic Interactionism, Postmodernism ii Like discussed in Ch.2- Research methods(e.g. Surveys, Interviews, Ethnographies) 2 Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism a Ethnocentrism- The belief of one's culture to be "normal"- Using one's own culture as the standard to evaluate others' cultures, leading to the assumption that other cultures(other than one' own) are abnormal or inferior i In order to see the world anew and not be subjective to our own Cultural Values, we must develop our: 1 Beginner's mind-Ch.1 2 Sociological Imagination-Ch.1 3 Culture Shock-Ch.1 4 CULTURAL RELATIVISM-Ch.3-Principle of understanding other cultures on their own terms, rather than evaluating according to one's own culture 2 Components of Culture(Material Culture and Symbolic Culture) a Material Culture- any material object which we give social meaning (e.g. art, tools, machines, clothing, buildings, etc.) i EX: designer label on woman's purse might convey she follows current fashion trends b Symbolic Culture- Ideas and beliefs of a group of people i Allows us to communicate through: signs(e.g. stop signs mean STOP), gestures(e.g. clapping, smiling), and language(varies from culture to culture, but is everpresent) b Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis- Idea that language structures thought and that ways of looking at the world are embedded in language. c VALUES, NORMS, SANCTIONS- i values- (good/bad, right/wrong, Beautiful/ugly) ii Norms- Rules and Guidelines (Laws, Folkways, Mores, Taboos) iii Sanctions- means of enforcing norms (Social controls) 2 Variations in Culture(differences in culture in instances like: individualism, humanitarianism, equality and group superiority) a "Cultural Diversity" and "MULTICULTURALISM"- policy that values diverse racial, ethnic, national, and linguistic backgrounds- encourages retention rather than assimilation of different cultures i Dominant Culture- Values, norms, and practices of most powerful groups 1 Hegemony-dominance ii Subcultures- culture within a culture(differentiated by distinctive values, norms, and lifestyle iii Countercultures- group within a society that openly rejects and/or actively opposes society's values and norms (e.g. political or activist groups) iv Culture Wars- clashes within mainstream society over the values and norms that should be upheld v IDEAL vs.REAL CULTURE- 1 IDEAL- Percieved norms, values, and patterns of society 2 REAL- norms, values, and behavioral patterns that ACTUALLY EXIST within society 2 IN THE FUTURE(blurb in book) a Otaku- ardent fans of anime- use social media to connect and share their intersts with others b Otaku culture- citizenship matters less than shared interests, nationality less than knowledge, location less than expertise- your identity is where your passion lies. c Extraordinarily detached and Extraordinarily connected 2 Cultural Change- a Technological Change- type of material culture- provides basis and structure through which culture is disseminated to members of a social group. i Technology ii Technological determinism- belief that technology is single greatest influence on society today b Cultural diffusing and Cultural Leveling- i Cultural diffusion- dissemination of material and symbolic culture from one group to another ii Cultural leveling- When cultures that were once unique begin to become increasingly similar b Cultural Imperialism- invading culture through mass media and consumer products to other cultures- 2 American Culture in Perspective- a Our social imperialism may result in Anti- American Sentiment b America's "ideal" culture is not the same as its "real" culture c GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE- Social Media is bigger than we percieve 2 CLOSING COMMENTS a "Culture is the entire way of life of a group of people, including both material and symbolic elements, that acts as a lens through which one views the world and is passed form one generation to the next." 2 b COMPNENTS OF CULTURE i Material culture, Signs, Gestures, Language, Values ,Norms, Sanctions 3


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