class 3 psyc sect 001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Angelise on Sunday September 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 101 at Winthrop University taught by Donna Nelson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.
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Date Created: 09/11/16
Psyc 101-001 class 3 Aug. 30, 2016 Use of Deception Social Psychologist cover story to conceal true identity of a study Done to obtain true results Must be essential and justified Revealed to participants before their departure Experimental approach Control and precision Strength – able to make casual links between variables (confidence in internal validity) Limitation- sometimes not feasible (not able to change race, sex or type of parents…etc.) nor ethical. Deception uses actors to make the experiment psychologically realistic Ethical considerations (deception) does not cause harm informed consent right to leave research without penalty right to results must be essential and justified if it is used a debriefing is required DEVELOPMENT ACROSS THE LIFESPAN *Developmental psychology: study of physical, cognitive &social changes across the lifespan Big Question: Nature vs. Nurture o how much are human traits/ behaviors influenced by our heredity (nature) and how much by our experience (nurture) o explains the differences in intelligence, personality& psychological disorders o Differences between males and females innate or caused by environment? o Children’s development mostly innate or formed by experience? Some skills/behaviors are more influenced by nature, some by nurture. Developmental research (designs) 1. Longitudinal design- participant or group of participants is studied overtime 2. Cross-sectional design- different age groups of participants are studied at one particular time ex) does aging lower intelligence? Stages proposed by Jean Piaget 1. Sensorimotor stage (birth -2yrs.) *infant uses senses & motor abilities to interact with objects in the environment -experience through looking, touching and moving -reflexive behaviors are modified based on experience <Developmental Milestone> : object permanence (knowing objects still exist even if they can’t see them) **out of sight, out of mind until 8 months - Common complaint : stranger anxiety – fear of strangers infants commonly display, beginning at about 8 months of age 2. Preoperational Stage (2-6 yrs.) a. Symbolic thought – able to represent things with words & images b. Ability to pretend c. Egocentrism- the inability to take another’s point of view (lacking theory of mind)