Rock 'n Roll and American Society (MMC1702) Week 3 Notes
Rock 'n Roll and American Society (MMC1702) Week 3 Notes MMC1702
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cassandra Alamilla on Sunday September 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MMC1702 at University of Florida taught by Carlson,David E in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Rock 'n Roll and American Society in Journalism and Mass Communications at University of Florida.
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Date Created: 09/11/16
Rock ‘n Roll and American Society (MMC1702) Week 3 Robert Johnson (1911 – 1938) - Died at 27 – Poisoned to death by juke box owner because he was messing with the owner’s wife o Death certificate – not discovered until 1968 The certificate says he died of syphilis o Johnson has 3 graves, but no one knows where he actually he is. All of the graves are near Greenwood, The Sound of the City - New Orleans, Chicago, Memphis – order of importance - Highway 61 – The Blues Highway – goes from New Orleans to Duluth, Mississippi Part 1: New Orleans - Jazz and Rhythm and Blues was born here - A city rich in culture, food and music New Orleans – Jazz Roots - Jelly Roll Morton o Inducted in Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1998 o Was called in New Orleans a “creole of color” which means somebody of mixed heritage o Claims to have invented jazz o He did make it more popular and made the sound more unique o “Father of jazz piano” o “King of Porter Stomp” (1924) o Started playing piano at 12 years old in brothers o “Black Bottom Stomp” (1926) o “Jelly Roll Blues” (1926) Was a published composition - First jazz recording ever – The Original Dixieland Band in 1917 in Richmond, Indiana - New Orleans Rhythm Kings and Jelly Roll Morton recorded in Richmond in 1921 o First interracial recording - Louis Armstrong o “Ambassador of Jazz” o “Potato Head Blues” (1927) o First heard the sound of a cornet (precursor to trumpet) at the Funkey Butt and jazz became his fate o “St.Louis Blues” (1928) o Armstrong was a man whose personality and showmanship overshadowed the fact of his genius as a musician o First jazz artist to be featured as a soloist o Did not think he was a good singer o “St. James Infirmary” (1928) o “Hello Dolly” (1964, #1 US) Most famous song (TEST QUESTION) This song made him the oldest person to top the Billboard singles chart. He was 63. This song ended The Beatles’ streak of 3 #1 hits in 1963 o “What a Wonderful World” (1968) (#32-1988) A song of hope during a turbulent year Featured in Good Morning Vietnam o Died in 1971 - Professor Longhair (1918 – 1980) o Inducted in Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1992 o Real name: Henry Roeland Byrd o Nicknamed “Bach of Rock” for his masterful piano delivery o Active in 2 eras of music Early jazz/blues (late 40s, early 50s) “Bald Head” “Tipitina” (1953) – most famous song “Go to the Mardi Gras” (1959) “Big Chief” (1964) o First plays the melody on the phone, then whistles the melody, then sings it o Sampled by Lily Allen in the song “Knock ‘Em Out” in 2006 o In the 1960s, he became a janitor to support himself o He came back in 1971 after his appearance in the New Orleans Heritage Jazz Festival o Comeback song: “Crawfish Fiesta” (1971) Start of his second era of music o Dr. John, the biggest disciple of Professor Longhair, brought Prof. Longhair back to the music scene New Orleans – Rhythm and Blues Music - Cosmo Matassa (1926 – 2014) o He owned a studio o The man behind the “New Orleans Sound” o His studio, J&M Studios, was a place where a lot of music was recorded - Fats Domino o New Orleans’ first Rock and Roll star (before there was Rock and Roll) o His music grew out of jump blues o The only artist to crossover from Rhythm and Blues to Rock and Roll o “The Fat Man” He was 17 years old when he recorded this song o Recorded in New Orleans for Imperial Records Sessions were produced by Dave Bartholomew o Sold more records in the ‘50s than anyone, except Elvis o “Ain’t That A Shame” (1955, #10 Pop, #1 R&B) Covered by Pat Boone in 1955 Boone would cover songs done by African-American artists right after the songs would come out and take credit for the songs Covered by Cheap Trick Covered by John Lennon and Paul McCartney o “My Blue Heaven” (1956, #19 Pop, #5 R&B) o “Blueberry Hill” (1956 #2 Pop #1 R&B) o “Blue Monday” (1956 #5 Pop #1 R&B) - Earl Palmer o Important person of Dave Bartholomew’s band o Accredited for creating the basic beat for Rock and Roll – called the Back Beat First seen on the song “The Fat Man” - Fats Domino (cont.) o “I’m Walkin’” (1957 - #4 Pop, #1 R&B) o In the late ‘50s, Fats Domino was able to cross over to the white audience His style becomes more mainstream as his career moves forward o “Lady Madonna” (1968) – The Beatles A tribute song to Fats Domino o Fats Domino disappeared in the 1980s and reemerged in 2005, where people thought he was dead. But he is alive. - Some Other Key Performers of New Orleans Rhythm and Blues o Lloyd Price “Lawdy Miss Clawdy” (1952 - #1 R&B) The band in the song was Dave Bartholomew’s and Fats Domino was on piano The song was covered by Elvis in 1956 Didn’t have much of a popular career because he was drafted for the Korean War in 1954 “Stagger Lee” (1959 - #1 Pop, #1 R&B) “Personality” (1959 - #2 Pop, #1 R&B) o Allen Toussaint (1938 – 2015) Performer and Songwriter One of the greatest backroom figures of Rock and Roll Ernie K-Doe A lot of his songs were composed by Toussaint “Mother in Law” (1961) o Written by Toussaint “A Certain Girl” o Written by Toussaint o Covered by The Yardbirds o Covered by Warren Zevon In the ‘90s, he started calling himself the “Emperor of the Universe” Lee Dorsey (1924 – 1986) “Working in the Coalmine” o Written by Toussaint o Covered by Devo in 1981 “Ride your pony” (1965) o Written by Toussaint He opened for The Clash on their US Tour in 1980 “Ya Ya” (1961) o Covered by John Lennon in 1975 Chris Kenner (1929 – 1976) Began singing in church “I Like It Like That” (1961) o Written by Toussaint o Covered by Dave Clark Five in 1965 “Land of a Thousand Dances” (1962) o Written by Toussaint o Covered by many artists o Covered by Wilson Pickett in 1966 People thought he was the original composer o Smiley Lewis “The unluckiest man in New Orleans” “I hear you knockin’” (1955) Written by Dave Bartholomew Covered by Dave Edmunds in 1970 o Huey ‘Piano’ Smith and His Clowns Better known for being in Little Richards’ band than a solo artist o Clarence “Frogman” Henry He sang like a frog; he had a croak “I Ain’t Got No Home” He’s still performing o Not many woman artists since early blues o Irma Thomas (1941 - ) Competitor of Aretha Franklin “Time is On My Side” (1964) Covered by the Rolling Stones (Recorded 2 versions) “Soul Queen of New Orleans” Won a Grammy in 2007 for Best Blues Album o Aaron Neville (1941 - ) Sings in a high-pitched feminine voice “Tell It Like It Is Wasn’t successful until 1980 when he joined The Neville Brothers o Shirley and Lee “Feels So Good” Drummer was Earl Palmer “Let Good Times Roll” o Frankie Ford “Sea Cruise” Backed by Huey ‘Piano’ Smith and His Clowns
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