Lifespan notes week 4
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashlyn Masters on Sunday September 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2010 at Auburn University taught by Carol L. Roberson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see Lifespan Human Development in Family Context in HDFS at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 09/11/16
Chapter 4 (cont.) 9/7/16 Motor Development • Gross motor skills o Roll over: 3-4 months o Crawl: 8-10 months o Walk with support: 9 months o Walk without support: about 12 months • Fine motor skills o Grasping rattle: 3.5 months o Grasp with thumb and finger: 8.5 months § Requires integration of movements § Called a pincer grasp Nutrition • Malnutrition: long-term effects on IQ tests and school performance • Breast or bottle – go with breast feeding o Advantages of breast milk: § More iron, vitamin C, vitamin D, antibodies § Better for infant brain, protects against respiratory and intestinal ailments o Advantages for mom: § Lower rates of premenopausal breast cancer, ovarian cancer • BPA – used in lining of formula cans, polycarbonate baby bottles linked to reproductive and other problems • A range of other chemicals (polyvinyl chloride, phthalates, etc.) related to other problems including obesity • Nonorganic failure to thrive: related to disturbance in mother-child interaction (possibly related to fussy eating, but also lack of interaction) Development of Senses • Visual perception o 20/200-600 at birth o 20/20 by 6 months o Binocular vision: combines images from each eye for depth perception, motion perception (about 14 weeks) § Visual cliff experiment: used to determine depth perception o Color perception develops in first 2-3 months o Preferences: complex, human, curved lines; on faces, scan Chapter 4 (cont.) 9/9/16 Development of Senses (cont.) • Auditory – well developed at birth o Newborns recognize sound of mom’s voice • Smell and taste o If breast fed, can distinguish mom’s smell within about 2 weeks • Pain and touch o Exposure to pain early may result in greater sensitivity to pain in adulthood Infant Massage • Avoid massaging the stomach Chapter 5 9/9/16 Piaget • Schemes: “script” for how the world works (look at the textbook for more info) • Adaptation occurs by 2 processes o Assimilation: understand something new in terms of existing (current) schemes § Example: calling any moving vehicle “car” o Accommodation: change an existing scheme in response to something new § Example: calling a truck “truck” o Example: baby sucks on breast (existing scheme), give it a bottle, baby initially sucks the same (assimilation), but then changes pattern of sucking (accommodation) Sensorimotor stage (0-24 months) • Overall, knowledge is the product of direct motor behavior – intelligence develops and is expressed through sensory and motor abilities • ***Piaget says kids learn by doing things*** o This will be on the exam • 6 substages o 1. Simple reflexes (0-1 months) o 2. Primary circular reactions: repetition of chance events with own body § 1-4 months § Primary refers to your own body § Circular means you’re repeating something o 3. Secondary circular reaction: repetition of chance events with other objects § 4-8 months § Example: rattle o 4. o 5. o 6. •