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ARTH 330 Class Lecture Notes, Venice

by: Kennedy Ghibellini

ARTH 330 Class Lecture Notes, Venice ARTH 330

Marketplace > Northern Illinois University > Art History > ARTH 330 > ARTH 330 Class Lecture Notes Venice
Kennedy Ghibellini
GPA 3.58

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About this Document

These notes are meant to go along with the powerpoint slides and pictures that the professor has posted on BlackBoard. Venice.
Studies in Early Modern European Art
Mary Quinlan
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kennedy Ghibellini on Sunday September 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARTH 330 at Northern Illinois University taught by Mary Quinlan in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Studies in Early Modern European Art in Art History at Northern Illinois University.


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Date Created: 09/11/16
VENICE I. Geography, History, Politics, Art II. Architectural Vocab & Principles III. Venetian Architecture a. Churches b. Palaces c. The Veneto  Venice’s position as Queen of the Adriatic Sea  Extreme wealth and powerful naval fleet  Major trade routes with Germans, French, and into the Alps  Byzantine world of taste and art (Gothic in Europe)  Never goes to war; very civilized; elected government from important families in Venice  Protected well by outer islands   No surprise attacks  Internal Geography  tiny islands, Grand Canal  Each smaller island has its own community, main family, churches etc.  Functions politically as own system  Heart of Venice:  Piazza San Marco & Doge’s Palace  Church of San Marco, doge’s personal chapel  Basilica  Local Aldermans  Stable representative government  Doge’s Palace  shows various affiliations  Gothic tracery (cut stone pieced together to create arcades)  Arcade: row of arches  Colonnade:  row of columns  Arab influence in motif’s and designs/patterns  Byzantine style church behind  Very open ducal palace  The Piazza  civic center  (in front of church)  Piazza San Marco built over small islands  Major civic and religious events held here  GREEK CROSS CHURCH – 5 domes (1 central)  X form  Major library on one side of piazza with major collection of Greek manuscripts (High  Renaissance)  Small churches with piazzas spread throughout Venice  Political structure of Venice is by major families, from which the Doge is elected  Venice workshop structure is family structured/oriented  Bellini family  Titian family  Tintoretto family  Venetians very taken by light effects and how they change  Water reflections  Weather   Principles and Elements  Proportion (mathematical ratio)  Symmetry (mirror)  Colonnade/arcade  Classical elements  Pediment (triangular top)  Entablature­ horizontal, continuous lintel on classical buildings supported by  columns or a wall  Frieze­ part of entablature between architrave and cornice  Architrave­ main beam resting across top of columns, specifically the lower 3   entablature  Cornice­ ornamental molding around the wall of a room just below the ceiling  Horizontal molded projection crowning a building, especially uppermost member  of the entablature of an order  Columns & Capitols  Doric­ plain, unadorned column capital, sturdy  Ionic­ scroll­like ornaments, base supported column, graceful and slender  Corinthian­ elaborate acanthus leaves adorning the capital, stylized, slender  Dome­  rounded vault forming the roof of a building, typically with circular base  Piano Nobile­ main floor of a large house, usually for the family  Loggia­  gallery or room with ones or more open sides, especially one that forms part of a house and has one side open to the garden  Arched or arcaded structure  Ogival arch­ GOTHIC; pointed gothic arch drawn with compasses or with arcs of an  ellipse  Post & Lintel vs. Arch Construction  “man is the measure of all things”  Mathematical (1 to 1 ratio in human body) proportions  Proportionate to a building (should be built the same way)  3 things concerning Architects  Function of a building  Stability of a building  Beauty (mathematically, light, decorative elements)  Pantheon in Rome  Interior space  dome on spherical base  Arch support system to distribute weight of dome  Open oculus  Temple to all gods  University of Virginia (Jefferson)  Studied Classical Architecture  Based on Pantheon  Venetian Churches (1400s/1500s)  San Marco (Greek Cross plan w/ domes)  San Michele  1470’s & 80’s  late 1400’s ; no longer Venetian Gothic (attempt to catch up to Classical Rome)  on own island  longitudinal axis  long nave (speaks to what’s inside, like basilica)  façade divided into side aisles (symmetry)  SIMPLE  Arch atop the nave  Rose window (gothic)  Proportions of façade  Awkward; doesn’t look interesting  San Zaccaria  late 1400’s  Columns and arches added  Tall nave  Basic plan is the same; main arch w/ side arches  Classical proportions, more 1:1  Arcades (clustered) and colonnades (odd because over a void)  San Giorgio Maggiore  1560’s  on barrier island  Andre Palladio, architect  Façade  Pediment sits awkward with Dome  2 temple fronts in front of each other  Corinthian columns  trancept crosses with long nave  dome lets in much light  another by Palladio on San Giorgio Maggiore island but slightly different  Venetian Palaces  1400s/1500s  1400s Venetian Gothic  Merchant families (warehouses on 1  floor)  Working area  courtyard in the back  Piano nobile: main floor for family (salons) “noble floor”  The floor above the base floor, sometimes 2  Loggia: arcade with gothic tracery  Patterns of red and white stone with gold  Ducal heritage families  Start becoming symmetrical  1500’s  Palace decoration changes same as churches  Simple, elegant, classical look; function stays the same  Symmetry; central accent & 2 side areas  Mullion window­ internal support  Rustication on ground level (more support for building)  The Veneto  late 1500s  Loggia­ open air working area with columns  Villa­ working farms  VILLA BARBARO  Temple front for central entrance  Work areas on sides  Villa Rotonda  Perfectly symmetrical plan with central dome  Pleasure retreat not work farm


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