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POLS 2312 Week 2 Notes (Kimberly Harper)

by: Samer Hijjazi

POLS 2312 Week 2 Notes (Kimberly Harper) POLS 2312-001

Marketplace > University of Texas at Arlington > POLS 2312-001 > POLS 2312 Week 2 Notes Kimberly Harper
Samer Hijjazi
GPA 3.6

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About this Document

These are the notes taken from lecture. Chapter 2 was covered during week 2. I really hope these notes help you out!
State and Local Government
Kimberly Harper
Class Notes
political science
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samer Hijjazi on Sunday September 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 2312-001 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Kimberly Harper in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 95 views.


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Date Created: 09/11/16
Chapter 2 Notes:  - Federalism: the division of power between your state government and federal  government - Conflict occurs from this  - Federal issues (national supremacy clause: All laws and treaties made by the United  States shall be the supreme law of the land)  - Federal government usually wins  - U.S. Supreme court decision applies to all states  - Delegated powers: They are expressed, specific, and numerated. These powers belong to  the federal government. Examples include regulate interstate and creating post offices  and post roads  - Implied powers: Powers which are present to increase the authority of the federal  government (also dealing with the government, comes from the necessary and proper  clause, also known as elastic clause) - Two things happened with federalism  - 1. Expansion of the federal government (complaining that it is too big and stomping on  the state’s rights) - 2. Devolution (federal government passes responsibilities down to the states, passing  down block grants, states like that, they influence the state’s behavior)  th - Reserved powers (these are for the states, comes from the 10  amendment)  - Federal government: foreign policy, declaration of war  - Local government: education, voting issues, public safety  - Shared powers: taxes, police, transportation, banks  - Some issues we have with the federal government (privileges and immunities, full credit  clause)  - States keep the drinking age at 21 to keep allowing federal government to keep paying  for roads  - Texas constitution (not available in print, very lengthy) - Written in 1876  - Note: You’re Not required to know all 6 constitutions  - 1  constitution: under Mexico  - 1836 (declared independence from Mexico, we had to write a new constitution)  - Texas lost the Alamo  - 1845, part of the united states of America  - Texas had to write a new constitution  - Civil war emerges  - Texas seceded, had to write a new constitution. Failed  - 1866, had to write a new constitution during reconstruction  - 1869, new constitution after reconstruction  - E.J. Davis (Republican, scandalous, corrupt policy, appointed weak people to positions of power, very corrupt person in Texas history)  - 1876, new constitution (7  constitution)  - Reactionary document (reacting to E.J. Davis)  - Created the plural executive (divide the power of the executive into 7 branches, to make  sure no one person has too much power)  - No organization in organizing the amendments  - The house and the senate come in with a joint resolution  - Has to be approved by 2/3rds of both chambers  - Then it goes to the secretary of state  - The secretary publishes it (newspapers and court rooms, so that us citizens know what’s  going on)  - Citizens (voters) see it  - However, people don’t pay attention to it (problem of amendments)  - The governor cannot veto the amendment  - Initiative referendum and recall is only in local places  - Know the constitution  - Need to know the first six articles and what they deal with  - Article 1: deals with the bill of rights (30 sections) - Article 2: separation of powers (checks and balances, give each institution its own power  to ensure that no one branch is too powerful) - Article 3: Legislative (law­making institution)  - Article 4: Executive (law enforcement)  - Article 5: Judicial (law interpreting) - Article 6: Suffrage  - Poll taxes were abolished (24  amendment) 


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