POLS 2312 Week 2 Notes (Kimberly Harper)
POLS 2312 Week 2 Notes (Kimberly Harper) POLS 2312-001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samer Hijjazi on Sunday September 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 2312-001 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Kimberly Harper in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 95 views.
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Date Created: 09/11/16
Chapter 2 Notes: - Federalism: the division of power between your state government and federal government - Conflict occurs from this - Federal issues (national supremacy clause: All laws and treaties made by the United States shall be the supreme law of the land) - Federal government usually wins - U.S. Supreme court decision applies to all states - Delegated powers: They are expressed, specific, and numerated. These powers belong to the federal government. Examples include regulate interstate and creating post offices and post roads - Implied powers: Powers which are present to increase the authority of the federal government (also dealing with the government, comes from the necessary and proper clause, also known as elastic clause) - Two things happened with federalism - 1. Expansion of the federal government (complaining that it is too big and stomping on the state’s rights) - 2. Devolution (federal government passes responsibilities down to the states, passing down block grants, states like that, they influence the state’s behavior) th - Reserved powers (these are for the states, comes from the 10 amendment) - Federal government: foreign policy, declaration of war - Local government: education, voting issues, public safety - Shared powers: taxes, police, transportation, banks - Some issues we have with the federal government (privileges and immunities, full credit clause) - States keep the drinking age at 21 to keep allowing federal government to keep paying for roads - Texas constitution (not available in print, very lengthy) - Written in 1876 - Note: You’re Not required to know all 6 constitutions - 1 constitution: under Mexico - 1836 (declared independence from Mexico, we had to write a new constitution) - Texas lost the Alamo - 1845, part of the united states of America - Texas had to write a new constitution - Civil war emerges - Texas seceded, had to write a new constitution. Failed - 1866, had to write a new constitution during reconstruction - 1869, new constitution after reconstruction - E.J. Davis (Republican, scandalous, corrupt policy, appointed weak people to positions of power, very corrupt person in Texas history) - 1876, new constitution (7 constitution) - Reactionary document (reacting to E.J. Davis) - Created the plural executive (divide the power of the executive into 7 branches, to make sure no one person has too much power) - No organization in organizing the amendments - The house and the senate come in with a joint resolution - Has to be approved by 2/3rds of both chambers - Then it goes to the secretary of state - The secretary publishes it (newspapers and court rooms, so that us citizens know what’s going on) - Citizens (voters) see it - However, people don’t pay attention to it (problem of amendments) - The governor cannot veto the amendment - Initiative referendum and recall is only in local places - Know the constitution - Need to know the first six articles and what they deal with - Article 1: deals with the bill of rights (30 sections) - Article 2: separation of powers (checks and balances, give each institution its own power to ensure that no one branch is too powerful) - Article 3: Legislative (lawmaking institution) - Article 4: Executive (law enforcement) - Article 5: Judicial (law interpreting) - Article 6: Suffrage - Poll taxes were abolished (24 amendment)
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