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Week 2

by: Sophie Levy

Week 2 LGST 3010

Sophie Levy

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Ch 2 continued, 3, and 4
Legal/Ethical/Regul Busn
Sanda Groome
Class Notes
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sophie Levy on Sunday September 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to LGST 3010 at Tulane University taught by Sanda Groome in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Legal/Ethical/Regul Busn in Business at Tulane University.


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Date Created: 09/11/16
Ch.  2  cntd     Tuesday,  September   6,  2016 9:34  AM First  Amendment  issues: -­ Defamation :  intentionally  negatively  impacting  someone's  character;  must  be   published  (not  necessarily  in  a  book,  but  out  to  the  general  public) –must  be   untrue! ○ Slander:  spoken ○ Libel:  written   -­ The  right  to  protest…  with  a  permit ○ Aka  in  New  Orleans  there's  a  local  ordinance  that  extreme  religious   groups  could  not  assemble  on  Bourbon  street– to  protect  them  from   possible  angry  drunk  people   -­ Advertising ○ Ex:  Bad  Frog  Beer:  federal  appellate  court  ruled  that  a  state's  decision  of   regulating  use  of  a  beer  logo  that  that  they  deemed  offensive  was   unconstitutional Fourth  Amendment:  protects  you  from  illegal  search  and  seizure  on  your  person  and   property -­ Search  warrants ○ includes  office,  car,  etc.   ○ For  state  government  to  make  a  search,  they  must  demonstrate  that  they   have  probably  causethat  justifies  a  search  warrant,  then  they  put  it  into   an  affidavit  fo,  then  submit  it  to  a  judge ○ They  want  the  warrant  to  be  general  to  give  them  more  access   ○ With  a  search  warrant,  anything  you  find,  you  can  take   -­ Stop  and  Frisk  Laws ○ Allows  for  discrimination  and  profiling   -­ Exigent  circumstances ○ ex:  if  they  hear  someone  screaming,  they  can  enter Fifth  Amendment:  the  right  to  remain  silent;  you  do  not  have  to  incriminate  yourself -­ Historically  meant  to  be  verbal  testi–ycounts  when  you're  on  the  stand  and   when  you're  being  interrogated -­ Does  not  protect  against  DNA  samples,  lineup  identification,  etc.  and  does  not   apply  to  businesses   Fifth  Amendment:  the  right  to  remain  silent;  you  do  not  have  to  incriminate  yourself -­ Historically  meant  to  be  verbal  testi–ycounts  when  you're  on  the  stand  and   when  you're  being  interrogated -­ Does  not  protect  against  DNA  samples,  lineup  identification,  etc.  and  does  not   apply  to  businesses   -­ Gives  youn  o  double  jeopardy:  cannot  be  tried  twice  for  the  same  crime   -­ Due  Process,  Takings  Clause,  Imminent  domaie nt,  .   Fourteenth  Amendment:  Bill  of  Rights  also  applies  to  state  and  local  governments -­ "Congress  cannot  make  laws"…  federal  or  state  Congress?   -­ Substantive  Due  Process:  all  laws  should  be  applied  legal  to  all  people -­ Procedural  Due  Process:  all  people  have  access  to  the  opportunity  to  be  heard   in  the  situation  that  they  feel  like  their  life,  liberty,  or  personal  interest  is  being   denied  by  the  government -­ Equal  Protection  Clause :  everyone  will  be  protected  equally  under  the  law  ex:   Gay  marriage -­ Nowhere  in  the  constitution  does  it  say  anything  about  the  right  to  privacy   ○ Created  in  the  Griswold  1965  Case:  law  that  said  it  was  illegal  to  prescribe   contraceptives,  even  to  married  couples § Supreme  Court  called  in  unconstitutional  because  what  people  do  in   the  privacy  of  their  own  home  should  be  private ○ Main  argument  in  Roe  v  Wade,  gay  marriage  cases,  etc.   Ch.  3   Tuesday,  September   6,  2016 10:17  AM State  Courts  and  Federal  Courts -­ First:  Trial  Court ○ "where  all  the  fun  stuff  happens"  aka  witnesses,  jury,  judge ○ Lower  courts,  district  courts   -­ Second:  State  Appellate  Courts  /  Federal  District  Appellate  Courts   ○ If  you  want  to  appeal,  you  have  to  have  an  appealable  issue –a  bad   testimony  or  evidence ○ Not  witnesses;  all  done  on  briefs -­ Third:  State  Supreme  Court/  Federal  Supreme  Court ○ Mostly  briefs,  but  oral  arguments  can  sometimes  be  accepted ○ Most  people  who  ask  for  an  appeal  get  denied   ○ Supreme  Court  cases  are  mostly  about  personal  rights – things  that  affect   people's  day  to  day  lives ○ State  Supreme  Courts  are  the  end -­‐all-­‐be-­‐all  in  the  state;  if  there  is  a  state   disagreement,  it  is  moved  to  the  Federal  Supreme  Court   Subject  matter  jurisdiction:  tells  you  if  you  will  be  in  state  or  federal  court -­ Unless  the  constitution  says  it  is  governed  by  federal  law,  it  will  be  in  state  court ○ Property  law,  family  law,  etc.   -­ Ways  to  get  to  Federal  Court: ○ Violating  federal  law/constitution   ○ Suing  the  United  States:  IRS,  altercations  with  government  workers ○ Diversity  Jurisdictio: n  when  you  have    state  court  claim,  but  the  parties   involved  are  from  two  different  states § AND  amount  in  controversy  is  over  $75,000   State  vs.  Federal  Court -­ Applies  state  law  vs  federal  law   -­ Erie  Doctrine:  applying  state  law  in  a  federal  court -­ Subject  Matter  Jurisdiction:  authority  of  a  court  to  hear  a  case  based  on  subject   matter ○ Federal  court  moves  faster  than  state  court ○ Federal  courts  are  more  conservative  (generally)   ○ Injured  party,  plaintiff,typically  files  in  state  court § Easier  to  get  a  jury   § Give  out  more  money  than  federal  courts   matter ○ Federal  court  moves  faster  than  state  court ○ Federal  courts  are  more  conservative  (generally)   ○ Injured  party,  plaintiff,typically  files  in  state  court § Easier  to  get  a  jury   § Give  out  more  money  than  federal  courts   § Defense  lawyer  will  take  a  look,  see  where  everybody  is  from,  and   determine  if  it  should  be  a  federal  case   □ Removal:  filing  to  have  the  case  removed  from  state  court;   must  be  done  within  30  days -­ Personal  Jurisdiction:  authority  to  bring  you  into  court ○ Gotten  by  agreement Can  get  jurisdiction  over  the  defendant  by  using  property   ○ ○ The  law  says  that  the  state  must  have  sufficient  minimum  contact  on  the   defendant ○ Long  arm  statut:  where  the  "long  arm"  of  the  law  reaches  out  and  grabs   you  back ○ Ex:  Worldwide  Volkswagen:  a  family  bought  a  Volkswagen  from  this   company  that  operated  up  in  New  York § The  family  was  driving  the  carcountry  and  got  into  a  car   accident  in  a  different  state § They  filed  a  suit  against  several  parties,  including  the  company  for  a   car  complain § Worldwide  Volkswagen  said  that  Oklahoma  doesn't  have   jurisdiction  over  them  because  they  have  nothing  to  do  in   Oklahoma § The  court  decided  that  Oklahoma  does  not  have  jurisdiction,   because  the  company  argued  that  they  had  no  idea  the  car  could   end  up  in  Oklahoma Venue:   -­ Venue  will  be  wherever  the  defendant  is  a  citizen -­ If  its  an  accident,  it  could  be  where  the  accident  occurred -­ If  it’s  a  contract,  it  may  be  where  the  breach  occurred  or  where  it  was  signed   -­ Car  accident  example:  Car  accident  in  New  Orleans  and  someone  who  is  a  Baton   Rouge  resident  sues  the  New  Orleans  resident   ○ New  Orleans  is  proper  because  the  defendant  is  from  New  Orleans  and   that  is  where  the  accident  happened   ○ If  neither  of  the  people  are  from  New  Orleans,  the  appropriate  place   would  be  where  the  defendant  is  from  or  in  New  Orleans   -­ Forum  non-­‐convenience:  proper  to  sue  here  but  would  be  better  to  sue   somewhere  else;  up  to  the  plaintiff   -­ In  Criminal  Court,  venue  will  be  appropriate  where  the  crime  occurred ○ If  neither  of  the  people  are  from  New  Orleans,  the  appropriate  place   would  be  where  the  defendant  is  from  or  in  New  Orleans   -­ Forum  non-­‐convenience:  proper  to  sue  here  but  would  be  better  to  sue   somewhere  else;  up  to  the  plaintiff   -­ In  Criminal  Court,  venue  will  be  appropriate  where  the  crime  occurred Ch.  4   Thursday,  September   8,  2016 10:01  AM Stages  of  Litigation:  figuring  out  if  you  really  want  to  sue;    most  are  similar  between   state  and  federal  court   -­ Make  sure  the  person  filing  the  lawsuit  has   standing:  the  party  starting  the   claim  must  have  suffered  an  injury  in  fact..  Blah  blah   ○ Means  that  you  have  to  be  the  injured  party  to  have  standing   ○ Intermediate  family  has  standing  to  sue   ○ Amicus  briefs:  don’t  have  standing  to  sue,  but  have  personal  interested;   they  will  file  a  brief  to  give  their  opinion -­ Pleadings:  drafting  and  filing  the  complaint   ○ Who  are  the  parties ○ Where  there  is  jurisdiction What  happened  during  the  incident? ○ § Likely  a  spin  on  the  facts   ○ List  damages  (property  damages,  doctor  bills  and  treatment  past/future,   work  compensation)   -­ Prayer:  "suck-­‐up  statement"  asking  the  court  to  grant  them  whatever  that  ask   for;  apologizes  in  advance  if  something  is  forgotten  in  the  complaint   Statutes  of  Limitations   -­ Usually  done  by  state   -­ Ex:  Louisiana  has  a  one  year  statute  of  limitations  on imif  you  don't   file  within  the  year,  you  lose  your  claim  


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