ANTH 1002, Week 2 Notes
ANTH 1002, Week 2 Notes ANTH 1002
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Popular in Anthropology
This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Notetaker on Sunday September 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 1002 at George Washington University taught by Roy Richard Grinker in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Sociocultural Anthropology in Anthropology at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 09/11/16
Emile Durkheim (18581917) o Looked at how people can come together as a community despite differences o 2 kinds of solidarity Mechanical a solidarity of resemblance Organic a solidarity of differences Gradient, not discrete o Collective consciousness the body of beliefs and sentiments common to the average member of society Allows for differentiation between right and wrong Creates societal norms o Considered the ‘Father of Sociology’ Marcel Mauss (18721950) Durkheim’s theory was too metaphysical. Searched for a more tangible way of examining social ties and societal connections Looked at the economics o ‘The Gift’. Why people give the gifts they give? ‘Rules’ of reciprocation? “Gifts are the bed rock of society” Gifts can be people (weddings), symbolic, goods and services o Giving a gift starts a relationship o Reciprocation is expected to be of equal ‘value’ A relationship can be damaged if someone gives ‘too much’ Secrets count i.e. TMI on a first date o “The bedrock of society is the giving of gifts and the obligation to reciprocate” Wanted anthropology to focus more on commodities to make the subject more empirically scientific “Gift” o In German = poison o In Swedish, Danish and Norwegian = married o In English = gift o In Dutch = poison or venom o The ‘poison’ of the gift is that it forces a relationship that the receiver might not have wanted. The debt created by giving a gift it what holds the relationship in place