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Chapter 2 Notes

by: Danielle Francy

Chapter 2 Notes KNES 315

Danielle Francy

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Notes for Chapter 2: Legal Issues
Care and Prevention of Athletic Injury
Gail Parr
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Danielle Francy on Sunday September 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to KNES 315 at Towson University taught by Gail Parr in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Care and Prevention of Athletic Injury in Kinesiology at Towson University.


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Date Created: 09/11/16
Care and Prevention of Athletic Injury  Chapter 2 Notes    Standard of Care  Reasonable Person Standard of Care:  ● Minimum standard that requires an individual to act as a reasonably prudent  person.  ● Ex:  ○ Wearing a helmet while biking.  Professional Standard of Care:  ● Requires an individual to use the knowledge, skills, and abilities that conform to  the standard of care for their particular specialization.   ● Measured by what another minimally competent individual educated and  practicing in that profession would have done to protect an individual from harm  or further harm.    Duty of Care:  ● Coaches, physical educators, personal trainers, and other specialists have a  legal obligation to provide a professional standard of care to protect individuals  under their care or supervision from unreasonable risks that could potentially be  harmful.    Negligence:  ● Can occur as a result of an action or lack of an action by a professional who had  a legal duty of care.    Tort:  ● A civil wrong done to an individual, whereby the injured party seeks a remedy for  damages suffered.  ● May be attributed to negligence.    Negligent Torts  Nonfeasance:  ● Aka an act of omission.  ● Occurs when an individual fails to perform a legal duty of care.  ● Ex:  ○ Coach knows player has an injury but permits the player to play anyway.      Malfeasance:  ● Aka an act of commission.  ● Occurs when an individual commits an act that is not their responsibility to  perform.  ● Ex:  ○ If a PE teacher sees an injury and tries to straighten it and immobilize it,  they can be responsible.  Misfeasance:  ● Occurs when an individual commits an act that is their responsibility to perform,  but uses the wrong procedure or performs the correct procedure in an improper  manner.  ● Ex:  ○ Personal trainer does not perform a screening in a manner consistent with  a professional guidelines, they can be held responsible if player sustains  an injury.    Must Prove 4 Elements of Negligence:  1. There was a duty of care owed to the injured person by the person responsible  for the injury.  2. There was a breach of that duty.  3. There was harm (pain and suffering, permanent disability, or loss of wages).  4. The resulting harm was a direct cause of the breach of duty.    Reducing Litigation  Clearance for Participation:  ● Preparticipation exam (PPE) is performed by a licensed physician as a  requirement for participation in a sports team or in a physical fitness program can  be an effective strategy for ensuring an individual’s health and safety as it  pertains to their participation in physical activity or sport.    Exculpatory Waiver:  ● Based on the individual’s assumption of risk and is a release signed by the  individual or parent of an individual under the age of 18 that releases the  physician from liability of negligence.    Informed Consent:  ● Implies that an injured party has been reasonably informed of the needed  treatment for the services that a coach may need to perform, possible alternative  treatments, and advantages and disadvantages of each course of action.  Battery:  ● Failure to receive informed consent may contribute to battery.  ● Any unpermitted or intentional contact with another individual without their  consent.    Confidentiality:  ● Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPPA).  ● Includes laws that are intended to protect the privacy of patients.    Foreseeability of Harm:  ● Exists when danger is apparent or should have been apparent, resulting in an  unreasonably unsafe condition.    Participant’s Responsibility  Comparative Negligence:  ● Refers to the relative degree of negligence on the part of the professional  (defendant) and the participant (plaintiff), with damages awarded on a basis  proportionate to each person’s carelessness.    Product Liability  Implied Warranty:  ● Manufacturers have a duty of care to design, manufacture, and package  equipments that will not cause injury to an individual when used as intended.  Expressed Warranty:  ● Written guarantee that the product is safe for use.    Good Samaritan Laws:  1. Acts during an emergency.  2. Acts in good faith to help the victim.  3. Acts without expected compensation.  4. Is not guilty of any malicious misconduct or gross negligence toward the injured  party.    Risk Management:  ● It is essential that institutions, facilities, and organizations that provide sport and  physical activity programs develop policies and procedures pertaining to the  healthcare of participants, including steps to be taken to prevent injuries and the  actions to be taken when an injury is sustained.    ****The following elements must be proven with regard to a coach being  negligent:  ● Duty of Care.  ● A breach of that duty.  ● Harm directly caused by that breach of duty.   


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