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Lecture 9/6/16 Notes

by: Marina Rodriguez

Lecture 9/6/16 Notes History 190

Marina Rodriguez
Minnesota State University, Mankato

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About this Document

Continuation of New England notes and notes about Pennsylvania, Quakers and Puritans.
United States to 1877
Melodie Andrews
Class Notes
history, United, States
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Marina Rodriguez on Sunday September 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 190 at Minnesota State University - Mankato taught by Melodie Andrews in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see United States to 1877 in History at Minnesota State University - Mankato.

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Date Created: 09/11/16
History 190 Lecture 9/6/16 NEW ENGLAND CONTINUED...  Important that everyone in the Puritan society conforms b/c they need to stay united in their mission.  Holy Watching: keeping a very close eye on each other in the community.  Whoever lived closest to the church and the meeting house had the highest status in the community.  Only male members of the puritan church could be politicians.  Material success was a sign of god’s “blessing”  Puritans believed in “pre-destination” o Certain people go to heaven, and have already been chosen  Everyone lived very close together o This made farming land outside of town Half-way covenant (1662): you can become a member of the church if your parents are members Partible Inheritance: land goes to sons, money and household goods go to daughters. It’s all divided equally among the children. Puritan society was a patriarchy Family is the building stone of the society Commonwealth: Families should be a mini reflection of the whole society, called “little commonwealth”. o Microcosm: mini version of a larger society  Children were expected to start working as soon as they were able. o Childhood was very short o Children were born in sin  Puritans saw Quakers as a threat o Despised them for preaching their own version of the gospel  After England heard about all of the Quakers and “witches” being hung, the king revoked their charter and Massachusetts became a crown colony. PENNSYLVANIA  William Penn- Son of an aristocrat who got a charter to America o Motivation = economical profit and religious o Belonged to a spiritual group- society of France, aka “Quakers”  Called that because they “shook/quaked” in the presence of the lord QUAKERS:  “Inner Light”- every human at birth was born with an inner light of godliness o to create a shining light, read the bible, go to church, stay pure o In the eyes of god, everyone is the same/equal  Anyone can preach the gospel and serve the lord o Man, woman, or child o Equalitarian society o Proscilitizing: important to go out and preach to help others convert 2  Missionaries were called “public friends” o Got called by god to go off and preach the gospel  Easier on their kids than Puritans, less authoritarian.  William Penn, once establishing Philadelphia, went out to all natives, signed treaties, actually purchased land from them.  Quakers are pacifists o Do not believe in war, will not fight o Made peace with natives so they wouldn’t engage in war or attacks on them  Not many Quakers could go to America, so with all the land not being used, he rented it out or sold it to anyone who was a protestant o They were free to practice their version of the gospel  Sent agents to ports to advertise Pennsylvania o Selling land for reasonable price o Experience religious freedom  Pennsylvania was described as “Best poor man’s country”  Became the colonies’ bread basket, and the most diverse colony  Proprietary colony 3


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