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Organic Chem Week 3 Notes

by: Jasmine Nord

Organic Chem Week 3 Notes CHEM 3010

Jasmine Nord

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About this Document

These notes are all from chapter 2. Chapter 2 was sort of a review of general chem 2. This chapter was more about the example problems, so definitely take a look and do the practice problems.
Organic Chemistry I
Class Notes
Organic Chemistry, Ochem, Chem3010, Mebane, chapter2, Chapter, 2, Chap2
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jasmine Nord on Sunday September 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CHEM 3010 at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga taught by Dr.Mebane in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Organic Chemistry I in CHEM at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga.


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Date Created: 09/11/16
Organic Chem Chapter 2 Notes Mebane Week 9/5­9/9 Chapter 2 ­ Acids and Bases:  1. There are a lot of acid­base definations but we will only focaus on 3.  a. Arrhenius concept; works well when dealing with water i. An Arrhenius acid is a substance that dissolves in water and creates  hydronium ion [H O] 3 + ii. A Arrhenius base is a substance that dissolves in water and creates a  hydroxide ion [OH] ­ b. Bronsted­Lowry concept; works well if we would like to deal outside water i. + The acid donates a hydrogen [H] ii. The base accepts a hydrogen [H] + iii. conjugate acid­base pairs 1. conjugate acid is the original base plus [H]  that it accepted  2. conjugate base is the original acid minus the [H] that is gave away c.  Lewis Acid­Base concept  i. This concept will be used more than Bronsted­Lowry ii. Lewis acids are electron [e ] acceptors  iii. ­ Lewis bases are electron [e  ] donors 2. Acid strength a. HA (acid)  +   H O    2                 H O   3+   A ­ b. Most of the acids we will be dealing with will be weak acids c. The stronger the acid the weaker the base. The weaker the acid the stronger the  base d. Ka and pKa i. ii. pK  a ­log[K ] a 1. pKa is in 1x10 n iii. + pH = ­log[H ] 3. Predicting the Outcome of an Acid­Base Reaction a. To determine the outcome, look at the pKa of the acids. It will help determine  which side is favored. b. In an acid­base reaction the equilibrium always favors the formation of the  weaker acid!!!!! c. 4. The Effect of Structure on pKa a. A more stable conjugate base leads to a stronger acid, and a lower pKa 5. Practice problems  a. Pg. 52 i. #4 b. Pg. 54 i. #5 c. Pg. 57 i. #10 ii. #11 [expect to see a problem like this] d. Pg. 58 i. #13 [expect to see a problem like this] e. Pg. 59 i. #17 f. Pg. 63 i. #29 g. Pg. 65 i. #31 ii. #32 6. Important pages a. Pg 59 b. Pg 60­63  


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