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PSY 360 Week One Notes

by: Brianna Burtraw

PSY 360 Week One Notes PSY 360

Brianna Burtraw
GPA 3.55
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About this Document

These are the notes from Abnormal Psychology at Eastern Michigan University, week one. They're introductory notes from chapter one. Enjoy.
Abnormal Psychology
Jessica L. Riggs
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brianna Burtraw on Sunday September 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 360 at Eastern Michigan University taught by Jessica L. Riggs in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 77 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychology at Eastern Michigan University.


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Date Created: 09/11/16
PSY 360 Notes Week One Chapter One: Past and Present - Abnormal Psych – scientific study of abnormal behavior in an effort to describe, predict, explain, and change abnormal functions • “normal” vs “abnormal” • who decides what is “normal” - Many definitions for abnormal - 4 D’s • deviance (social norms and specific circumstances) • distress (behavior, ideas, or emotions) • dysfunction (daily function; culture) • danger (danger to self/others) - Eccentrics - Deviate from common behavior and non-conformity - Typically no mental disorder - Trouble defining abnormality • society selects criteria and applies to particular cases • abnormal behavior not always clear-cut • over and under diagnosing - Benefitted by treatment •criterion of required treatment •treatment – designed to change behavior • clinical treatment is touchy •therapy is often helpful + Abnormality and Modern Society - 30% of adults and 19% of children in US display need of treatment •does not include coping difficulties • fault of modern society? + Ancient Views to Renaissance - Blamed abnormal behavior on evil spirits - 500BC – 500AD – Hippocrates and 4 humors - Middle Ages – church viewed good and evil - Renaissance – illness of mind related to illness of body + Asylums - Shrines – humane and loving treatment of mentally ill people - Asylums – mentally ill became prisoners due to overcrowding th + 20 Century Dualism - The somatogenic perspective – abnormal functions caused by physical - Psychogenic – functioning has psychological causes - “silo effect” - Last 2 decades physical and mental have been brought together for better treatment - Hypnotism – perspective based on Mesmer and hysterical disorders • Breuer + Recent Research - Hypnotic procedures capable of creating false memories as they uncover real memories + Psychoanalysis - Perspective holds that many forms of abnormal and normal psychological function are psychogenic - Freud - Unconscious psychological processes - Techniques of psychoanalysis developed + 1950s and Beyond - Psychotropic meds • antipsychotics • antidepressants • anxiolytics - Led to deinstitutionalization and rise in outpatient care - Subsequent problems - More people have meds than need them - Dosage slowly increased or decreased depending on need – put at good therapeutic level - People released from asylums on medication may stop taking meds/take too much medication and end up hurting themselves or others - Outpatient care • outpatient is preferred mode of treatment + Psychotherapy takes many forms - 1 in 6 adults ages to therapy - Majority go to 5 or fewer treatments - Outpatient treatments becoming available for more kinds of problems - Some outpatient care is specific to one problem + Prevention rather than treatment - Community mental health approach advocates prevention • correct social conditions • helps individuals at risk - Positive psychology • protect against stress - Multicultural psychology • how cultural factors effect behavior, thoughts, and psychological processes + Today’s Learning Theories - Psychoanalytic - Psychodynamic - Biological - Cognitive - Humanistic – existential - Sociocultural + Who provides psychotherapy - Psychiatrists - Psychologists - Social workers - Counselors + Clinical Researchers - Discover universal laws or principles or abnormal psych - Face specific difficulties - 3 main methods • case study • correlational method • experimental method - Case study – in depth study of one person • Advantages: develops theory, challenges theory, new ideas, helpful for unusual problems, new therapeutic techniques • Limitations: may be biased, relies on subjective evidence, provides little basis for generalizations - Correlational Method – degree to which things vary; determine correlation • advantage: trusted based on stats • limitation: doesn’t explain relationship or cause - Experimental Method – variable is manipulated and effect is measured on other variable •questions about causal relationships can only be answered by experiments • stats and research design are very important • control for confounds • three features: control, random, bias, blind, and double blind - Alternatives to Experimental • quasi-experimental • natural experiments • analogue experiments (false electric shock) • single-subject experiments • reversal design (ABAB interventions) - IRB Protections • IRB participant rights – voluntary, consent, right to end participation, benefits outweigh cost/risk, protection from physical and mental harm, study info, protection of privacy • IRB Limitations – unclear consent forms, subtle and elusive notions, ethical decisions are influenced


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