SOC 3970 Week 3 Lecture Notes
SOC 3970 Week 3 Lecture Notes SOC 3970
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Abby Joannes on Sunday September 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 3970 at Clemson University taught by Professor Shannon McDonough in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Substance Abuse in Sociology at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 09/11/16
SOC 3970 Lecture Notes September 6, 2016 – September 8, 2016 September 6, 2016 Lecture Reference PowerPoint: Lecture 3 – History of Drug Control Introduction Two types of drug laws o Regulatory Laws: dictate the practices of pharmaceutical companies, pharmacists, physicians, dentists, veterinarians, and others who dispense or manufacture “legal drugs” o Criminal Laws: criminalize drug use, possession, and sales Two main effects of the criminalization of a behavior like drug use o Symbolic: Higher status as good, moral, and decent for those who support and defend the law, regardless of the effectiveness of law enforcement Drug users and drugs are demonized as immoral, etc. o Instrumental: consequences for those impacted by implementation of the law. General intolerance for drug use, which affects usage rate o Who is impacted? The drug user, seller, etc. Tax payer, whether or not it is worth it to keep drug use down Family members, secondary Society is also effected in general, people being put in jail for nonviolent crimes, effecting jobs and productivity of economy Why do societies regulate drugs? o We want to protect society from the dangers of some types of drug use (legitimate social purpose) o BUT some laws are not developed as part of a rationally devised plan. Many drug laws are created based on social laws. May not have a legitimate purpose in mind. Unintended consequences Major theme of drug laws: racist fears about deviant behavior played a role throughout the development and support of drug regulation Drugs and Drug Use in the 19 Century: Factors Leading to Drug Control Efforts Psychoactive substances were freely available, and consumption was immense o At the time, there was no regulation and people didn’t know about all the effects. o Major source of drug possession: “Patent Medicines” Medicines did not have to list the ingredients Most were described as a “cure all” o Opium usually masked symptoms instead of curing the problem and left patients addicted OTC Patent medicines had fraudulent or misleading claims o OTC meds with opium, morphine, marijuana, and cocaine was freely available throughout the 19 century without a prescription o Cocainebased soft drinks were available (CocaCola) Medical, scientific, and technological innovations in the 1800s led to: more potent and pure drugs, and more efficient/effective route of administration High point of drug usage o During the 1800s, US housed an extremely large user and addict population o Efforts to stem tide of substance abuse complicated by mixed motives of reformers th Drug Control Efforts in the Early 20 Century Early AntiOpium Legistlation o First big concern was aimed at Opium. Earlier laws were ones that weren’t aimed at medical people, but at recreational use (such as toward the Chinese Immigrants) o Efforts toward control don’t really start until there’s particular trouble with a group that is looked down on, or a drug becomes associated with a group Example: Prohibition started with the antiGerman “fever”
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