New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Hist 1060 notes wk2

by: Justin Larremore

Hist 1060 notes wk2 history 1060

Justin Larremore
GPA 3.5

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover the end of Qing China to Tokugawa Japan
World History 1600 to Present
Kristin Bocchine
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in World History 1600 to Present

Popular in History

This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Justin Larremore on Sunday September 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to history 1060 at University of North Texas taught by Kristin Bocchine in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see World History 1600 to Present in History at University of North Texas.


Reviews for Hist 1060 notes wk2


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/11/16
HIST 1060 notes week 2 Kangxi Emperor 1662­1722 Uprisings of the 3 feudatories generals rise against Manchu and are ousted from Government Basically, the generals responsible for bringing the Manchu into China try to take power back from them and are instead defeated and thrown out themselves began small expansions into Taiwan and Tibet Zunghar Mongols­ the nomadic thorn in Kangxi’s side, good warriors who were trying to build their own empire to the Northwest of China Yongzheng Emperor r. 1723­1735 Restructured financial system Manchu economy began to flourish allowing for military spending Established secret memorial system which was a way to stay informed of the lower levels and maintain power Starts looking to Tibet to expand into b/c of Zunghars Qianlong Emperor r. 1736­1795, d. 1799 Played many different parts to appeal to his different subjects and their various Religions  Well­educated Confucian scholar to his Chinese subjects  “future Buddha” to his Tibetan Buddhists  Tried to be a Muslim wise man, but was unsuccessful Builds the Manchu Empire to its greatest extent The Ten Complete Victories  Several wars fought that ended with complete Manchu supremacy  Zunghar Wars­ final end to the Zunghar threat, wiped them out  Tibet­ fought the Gurkhas, made them a tributary state  Taiwan­ destroyed the pirate safe haven and subjugated the native  population  Vietnam­ tried to establish Chinese colonies Nine Pillars of the Qing (Need to know for Exam!!!) 1. Ethnic Balance Ethnic governing system Five People of the Qing:  Manchu­ruling minority, lived separately, special legal status  Mongols­ 2  to the Manchu  Tibetan­ practiced a unique form of Buddhism  Muslims­ two kinds, Uyghurs of Turkish descent and Hui (Chinese muslims)  Han­ the Chinese people, largest majority, least significant  politically and culturally 2. Mandate of Heaven Ideology Emperor can rule as long as he is blessed by Heaven The government had basic responsibilities to provide for the well being of its citizens in order to keep Mandate of Heaven  Motivated the government to be good and helped prevent rebellions 3. Family Ideology (Neo­Confucianism) Parallel concept of family and society, if families are in order so is society Fundamental importance of filial piety Family economy and inheritance were important to keep in the family 4. Separate Spheres for Genders  Different standards for men and women Separated genders in society Han women especially had very low status Manchu women could do a lot on their own  Different rules applied for different people groups 5. Civil Service Examination System A way to test education and ability of people to qualify for the government bureaucracy  Many levels of tests Mainly rich people were the ones who qualified b/c it cost a lot of money to pay for education, this led to problems with inept government officials 6. Civil Administration Hierarchal levels of administration Censorship tests­ to root out corruption Advisors to the Emperor, bureaucrats, governors, local elites, etc. 7. Ritual and Religion Qi­ concept of living energy in and around everything (The Force) Yin and Yang­ balanced forces, not good and evil always, more order and chaos gods­ many different gods and various purposes  limited religious freedom 8. Military Divided into 2 forces Bannerforces Hereditary system of enlisting Manchus and Mongols Initially very effective at maintaining order and winning Battles Green Standard Army Han armed forces Managed safety of nation and ordering people groups Much larger than the Bannerforces 9. Hydraulic Engineering Systems Qing were very good at using water Dams, irrigation, transportation, etc.  Military would sometimes use a river to flood a besieged city Qing and Foreign Trade Silver Foreign trade was taxed by the Qing to gain silver Most revenue came from land taxes and salt monopolies Foreign trade was limited to the Port of Canton Jesuits Introduced science and technology from Europe to the Qing English East India Company British interests in Oriental trade increase British take over India, trade in the Indian ocean but are subjected to limits in Qing Canton Lord Macartney­ sent on a diplomatic mission directly to the Qianlong Emperor, had problems because the Qing viewed the British as tributary traders not equals Qing empire repeatedly denies trade access to Britain and other European nations into the 19  century Tokugawa Japan Catchup to 1500 not needed for test Shogunate­ feudal system with a Shogun as the ruler, Daimyo as scattered feudal lords and the Emperor as a weak figurehead Onin War (1467­1477) Civil war started by succession issues in the Shogunate, fought to exhaustion with no clear winner Sengoku Period (1467­1573) Japan’s Warring States Period Chaos amongst rulers and lords The old order is flipped and new people seize power and control New Daimyo have smaller domains but greater control over those domains Trade barriers expelled, encouraged trade with Europeans European Influences Portugal­ first Europeans to trade with Japan Japan had the silver that the Portuguese needed so they could trade with Qing Jesuits were welcomed in Japan b/c of their technology and science Guns introduced to Japan in the midst of its warring states Daimyo fought for control of trade to access more guns to beat their enemies in battle more easily Period of Unification (1573­1600 or 1615) 3 instrumental figures in Japanese unification Oda Nobunaga (1534­1582) Begins unification by doing away with Ashikaga Shogunate Opened trade to Portuguese more completely Attacked Buddhists by throwing the Jesuits at them Toyotomi Hideyoshi (1536­1598) Takes over after Oda dies Uses a land survey to tax people Great Sword Hunt of 1588­ collected all the swords from ordinary people who were not samurai divided Japanese society into permanent social classes  Tokugawa Ieyasu (1543­1616) Established the Tokugawa Shogunate at Edo, present­day Tokyo Finally created a strong, centralized power Characteristics of Rule Indirect Rule through Daimyo Divides the Daimyo into different groups of how loyal they are to Tokugawa and bestows land to them according to their importance Alternate Attendance­ maintained control of Daimyo through a hostage system semi­Isolationists closed trade to Portuguese Opened 1 port to trade with the Dutch Japan liked the Dutch more than the Portuguese because they were not focused on missionary work by 1830, only connection to outside world was Dejima port More distinct social classes, Confucian­like hierarchy Tokugawa Economy th 17  century boom Government invested money in agricultural development Commercial farming started to become commonplace th th 18 ­mid 19  century, the economy stagnates cities start to suffer from famines b/c people are making cash crops more Daimyo in debt to merchants (who were a lower social class) Samurai very poor due to their govt. stipends not being adjusted to deal with inflation


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.