Theory I: Week 2 Notes
Theory I: Week 2 Notes MUSI 115 - 002
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Joi Harper on Sunday September 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUSI 115 - 002 at George Mason University taught by Dr. Elaine Rendler in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Theory I in Music at George Mason University.
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Date Created: 09/11/16
Theory 1 Notes 9/7/16 What is Music? - Art through sound and silence - Elements include properties of sound - Pitch: The highness or lowness of a sound - Duration: The length of the sound - Timbre: The distinctive quality of the sound (the difference between an oboe and a flute) - Intensity: the loudness or softness (amplitude or dynamics) - Organized sound - First mentioned in the Bible in Genesis 4 Scales A scale is always named by its home tone Diatonic Scale: - Two modes (major and minor) - Means through the tonic - You can only use a letter name once Major Scale - Steps: W W H W W W H - C Major Scale: C D E F G A B C - This scale can be broken up by tetrachord - CDEF is a tetrachord and GABC is another tetrachord - The second tetrachord is the start of the next scale so G Major is the next scale after C - Every tetrachord adds a sharp Chromatic Scale - This scale uses all half steps - Accidentals are notated as sharps ascending and flats descending - Enharmonics: these are two accidentals that have different note names, but mean the same note (i.e. Bb/A#) Minor Scales - Relative minor: This minor is in the same key as the major, but it has a different tonic (i.e. C Major/A Minor) - The 6th note of the major scale is the first note of the relative minor scale - Parallel minor: This minor is in a different key as the major, but it has the same tonic (i.e. C Major/C Minor) - A relative minor has to be 3 letter names away from the major and 3 half steps down - Remember major goes up minor goes down - 3 different types of minor - Natural: same key as the major WHWWHWW - Harmonic: raise 7th degree - Melodic: raise 6th and 7th degrees Whole Tone Scale - This scale is composed of all whole steps
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