Chapter 2 Notes
Chapter 2 Notes PSCI 2012
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lindzy Konrad on Sunday September 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSCI 2012 at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months taught by Dr. Jupille in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Comparative Politics in Math at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months.
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Date Created: 09/11/16
PSCI2012 KEY: Red Words: Important Key terms Chapter 2 State Key Problem: state strong enough to protect us is also strong enough to tyrannize us? I. Why do we have govt? Pursuit of self – interst doesn’t work Need balance between individual and collective benefits Prisoner’s dilemma: only make sat least 1 player benefit o Need to find 3 party enforcer o For “collective good” o *individual decisions can lead to collectively good outcomes Hobbes’s Problem: state of nature in which humanity was locked in prisoner’s dilemma o Life under state of nature would suck o Solution! Leviathan Established order thorugh threat of violence This is a “social contract” working around idea that we agree to be constrained Refer to Leviathan as the state: institutional foundation of order in modern world II. The State Def: human community that (successfully) claims the monopoly of legitimate use of physical force w in a given territory Functions: o Security and order o Crate and enforce law, including property rights o Provide services o Gather revenue (taxation) o Build national (collective) identity (nation – state) Ubiquity: o Means they’re everywhere o Every square inch of Earth’s landmass is claimed as territory of sovereign state o Good for comparative politics bc the state is basic institutional form everywhere in world o There are also variations State strength Early vs. late Democracies and non – democracies (regime type) II.B. Variation: state strength Failed States Libya Lebanon India Somalia Weak States PSCI2012 KEY: Red Words: Important Key terms Strong State U.S UK III.C. Early vs. Late Statehood Early Modern States Late Modern States Talking about Europe Former European countries A rise in Europe roughly between Independence early 1800’s and mid 1500 and 1800 20 century Also (china)
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