Chapter 1 notes
Chapter 1 notes PSCI 1101
Popular in Introduction to American Politics
Popular in Political Science
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lindzy Konrad on Sunday September 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSCI 1101 at University of Colorado at Boulder taught by Dr. Anand Sokhey in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Introduction to American Politics in Political Science at University of Colorado at Boulder.
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Date Created: 09/11/16
PSCI1101 Key: Bold and underlined: represents important concept in that section of notes Highlighted: defined key terms Chapter 1 8/30/16 – 9/1/16 Focus of chapter: Conflict, Process, Politics Everywhere Conflict and Compromise in American Politics: What does this tell us about American Politics? o Briefly illustrates why most people dislike politics: Too complicated (i.e. federalism) Too argumentative Politicians are only in it for themselves What does govt . do? Govt: system or implementing decisions made via political process Why do we have a govt? o Coercion and extraction (refer to previous notes for more) Example: police, military o Promote general welfare: public goods Example: light house, clean air, environm t Collective action (coordination problems) Problem of public goods: free – riding Madison: “But what is govt itself…the greatest of al reflections of human nature? If men were angels, not govt would be needed.” What happens w/out govt? o Apocalyptic State of nature o Selfinterested groups o Oppression What i Polit ? Politics: process that determines what govt. does Remember 3 concepts: o It’s conflictual Regulation and action – fairly straightforward Example: health care reform, same – sex marriage Conflict: o Not everyone likes it; not everyone likes compromise o It is essential – a useful lens through which to view politics o Process matters Not just ab. electoral politics PSCI1101 Key: Bold and underlined: represents important concept in that section of notes Highlighted: defined key terms Ab. nonelected officials Ab. you and your participation o It’s everywhere Examples: drinking age (federalism), student loans Principles of Politics Rationality and politics: o All political behavior has a purpose People’s goals achieved through political actions We choose options to best achieve our interests or preferences “being instrumental” o Implications of this: Act in your own calculated best interest Personal interest doesn’t always equal social interest o It doesn’t imply: You always make right decision Know everything relevant to your decision Your decision is not beneficial for others Collective action and politics: o All politics is collective action o Cooperation thorugh collective action is difficult – difficulties mount as # of participants grows o In large see tendency to free ride Sources of Conflic in American Politics: Income inequality o We want equality of opportunity o Individualism o Redistribution o Liberal tradition Thomas Hobbes freedoms “Culture Wars” o Abortion o School prayer o Gay marriage o Religiosity vs. secularism Voting Rights Racial composition of U.S. (inputs into the system are changing over time) PSCI1101 Key: Bold and underlined: represents important concept in that section of notes Highlighted: defined key terms Identity Politics o Racial composition in U.S. o Different metaphors o “what does it mean to be American?” Ideology o Cohesive set of ideals and beliefs used to organize and evaluate political world o Think of as world view o Conservative o Liberal o Libertarian People can display inconsistencies Preferences o Individual preferences determined by ideological, and electoral ambitions Ideology: conservatives promote smaller govt. Personal: support by veterans for military Electoral: legislators want to gain reelection o Behind these ambitions are social background/demographics, upbringing, experiences, and psychology (perhaps even genes) Blue and Red statements: o Means different things to support different parties in different states Resolving Conflict: How does American political system resolve conflict? o Democracy o Equality o Liberty Reading: Use summaries at end of chapters
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