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Week two notes!

by: Delaney Wilson

Week two notes! 104H

Delaney Wilson

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Hey I hope these help, they'll be material in the upcoming test on September 28th!
Class Notes
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Delaney Wilson on Sunday September 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 104H at Old Dominion University taught by KATHRYN K ROKITSKI in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see INTERPRETING THE AMERICAN PAST in History at Old Dominion University.


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Date Created: 09/11/16
Chapter three and four (Lecture Notes) 104H 18 century was the age of enlightenment - reformation of knowledge and the expansion of prior knowledge. - Promoted science and intellectual discussion. - Opposed superstition, intolerance, and abuses by church and state. - Aided by printing press Deism God and nature only, opposed the supernatural. Believed that God created the world and that was all, no prayer or worship. Divine right of Kings Chosen by God to rule the country. The king’s word was law. Social contract theory Do we have to have a monarchy? John Locke believed that people are mostly all good, and that we do not need an absolute power such as a king. Triangular trade Not the Columbian exchange. It is a trading pattern that was prominent in the colonial period in America. Trade between England, the colonies, and Africa. - From Europe to Africa went manufactured goods - from Africa to the colonies went slaves - from the colonies to Europe went raw materials (sugar, cotton, and tobacco) - all interchangeable Other Africans sold slaves (Tribal wars, the winner would sell the losers to the Portuguese who then went on to sell them to the Americas) - Slavery was first legalized in Massachusetts in 1641. - The first slave rebellion was in South Carolina in 1739-Stono rebellion (lawmakers after the rebellion made harsher slave codes, which didn’t let them learn to read, grow their own food, assemble in groups, or earn their own money). - Early on slaves could be any race. - America later came to be the only country that based slavery on race. - 15-30% of the population in the north had slaves. - The north had communities of free blacks, slaves who had been freed. - By 1776 1/5 people in the 13 colonies were African American. More than 50% of African Americans lived in Maryland and Virginia. - The first census in 1790 showed that only 8% of the black populous was free. French and Indian war (1754-1763) “the seven years war” (worldwide war) war was fought between French and British (Indians) Treaty of Paris - France could either give up Caribbean colonies or give up land in the new world - Gave up land in the new world which was then taken over by the British 1763 British have a problem because they have spent so much money on the war but has a large amount of land, so they tell the colonists they cannot immigrate past the Appalachian Mountains (Proclamation of 1763) The colonists ignored the proclamation because who was to know if they left the colonies or not Sugar act of 1764 Three cent tax on sugar Export tax on indigo, coffee, and certain types of wine. Banned importation of Rum and French wines. Taxes only affected a certain population (merchants, etc.) Stamp act of 1765 The act required documents to be printed on certain stamped paper to show that they paid the tax to have playing cards, legal documents, marriage licenses, etc. Colonists: Taxation without Representation! Parliament: You have virtual representation! (colonists were still British citizens) Stamp Act Congress (meeting) Talked about what to do about parliament, then complained to them, which then caused them to repeal the Stamp Act. Sons of Liberty (founded by Samuel Adams) Brother of john Adams Politically outspoken and charters colonists to pit against the British Harassed stamp collectors, threw bricks in British people’s windows, etc. Townshend Acts 1767 Glass, lead, paper, paint, and tea. America Couldn’t produce any of these items. - Lead was used to make bullets - paper was taxed to punish newspapers for complaining about taxes - taxed tea due to its popularity. Boycotts begin Boston Massacre 7 British soldiers against 200 some odd people Boston citizens start throwing snowballs with rocks in them at the British soldiers Soldiers killed 9 colonists Paul Revere prints propaganda to fire up the colonists against the British. Trial ensues and John Adams decides to defend the British because he wanted to show Great Britain that the colonists are not savages. th Boston Tea Party December 16 , 1773 Samuel Adams and his men dump the tea into the harbor (Tea came in bricks) Intolerable Acts of 1774 Closed the port of Boston meaning no trade - Massachusetts cannot have its own legislation - no British soldier could be tried in the colonies - Quartering act (have to house British soldiers in their own houses) th Continental congress convenes September 5 , 1774 in Philadelphia Attended by 56 delegates Georgia didn’t join because they needed British support to aid with Indian problems The delegates want to form militia in each colony (minute men) Begin to start watching the British. Paul Revere and William warned every one of the British’s arrival (one lantern for land invasion, two if invasion by sea) th Battle of Lexington and concord April 19 , 1775 “the shot heard around the world” Considered the start of the war for independence, (American Revolution) How the British Fight 2) Line behind 1) Frontline stands and shoots and shoots knereload while the front line reloads 3) Frontline and shootss again while back line reloads Colonists hide behind trees and foliage and pick off the British as they go back to Boston, which hurts the colonists because they fight like “savages” Thomas Paine wrote “Common Sense” - Was an immigrant and describes why America should be independent. - - The British Send Hessian mercenaries to fight the colonists (hiring mercenaries was a common practice) - Hessians were the worst of the worst, pillaged and didn’t fight like gentlemen. - This made some British citizens upset because they hired savages to fight their own people 2/5 stayed loyal to the crown 2/5 wanted independence 1/5 went with who was winning July 4 , 1776 Declaration of Independence Declared independence from the British, and believed the government should be run by the people and for the people. They listed the reasons for breaking away from the crown. The French are the first to recognize the U.S. as an independent nation (to spite the British) 3 phases of the war 1- northern parts 2- mid Atlantic 3- south - The first year the Americans lose every battle Battle of Trenton - Washington and his troops cross the Delaware on Christmas to surprise the Hessians - Captured about 1,000 and killed 20 The battle of Saratoga in 1777 is the turning point of the war Before the battle we asked France to help us but they refused due to not wanting to wage war against the British and because we were weak as a nation. We win the battle of Saratoga and France decides to support America, as well as Spain. Valley forge 1777-1778 Many people suffered greatly: no food, etc. British captured Savannah, Georgia 1778. British told slaves they would be freed after the war if they fought for them. Despite their efforts, the war was small and no one really paid any mind. British surrendered because the French came up the York river and blockaded them. 1781 the British grow tired of the war and stop caring whether or not America was independent or not.


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