Notes from the Text 2
Notes from the Text 2 130
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Rusnak on Sunday September 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 130 at Ball State University taught by Wheeler in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see American National Government in Political Science at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 09/11/16
Political Science130:4 Professor Wheeler August 29- September 9, 2016 Declaration of Independence. Signal of the transition of power. Individuals have rights. o Have the right to change power. 1. Articles of Confederation (1777-1781). a. Most of the power lies within the states. b. Characteristics: i. Tax. 1. National government could not tax. ii. All states had to agree. 1. In order to amend, all states had to agree. iii. No president. 1. Each state was entitled to one vote. iv. No power to regulate interstate commerce. 2. 1787. a. Revision of the Articles of Condfederation. i. Constitution. 1. Separation of Powers. 2. Checks and Balance. a. Passing of a bill. b. Veto. c. Negotiate treaties. d. Impeachment of the president. 3. republican form of government. a. Representative form. 4. System of federalist. a. National, state, local. 3. The Articles. a. Article I. i. Legislature. 1. Bicameral (2 houses). Deals with: 2. House: 435 members; based on population; taxing bills Impeachment, take place here. cratification of 3. Senate: 100 members; representation based on politics. statehood. ii. Section 8. 1. Explicit list of powers and congress. 2. Necessary and proper clause. a. Gives the power to congress to do what they think is necessary and proper. b. Article II. i. Executive. 1. Power given to the president. a. Commander in chief of the armed forces. b. Chief executive. c. Can appoint leaders, house members, judges, etc. d. Pardon. e. Conduct treaties. Political Science130:4 Professor Wheeler August 29- September 9, 2016 c. Article III. i. Judicial. 1. Supreme Court. 2. Court jurisdiction. 3. Treason. d. Article IV. i. Interstate Relations. ii. Full faith and Credit Clause. 1. For the public documents and legal proceedings of other states. a. Driver’s license. b. Warnings. c. Certificates. d. Child support payments. iii. Privileges and Immunities. 1. Ensure equal treatment. iv. Guarantee republican form of government. e. Article V. i. Amending the Constitution. 1. 2/3 members of the congress ¾ ratified by states. 2. 2/3 state legislature call for a constitutional convention ¾ ratified by states. f. Article VI. i. Supremacy clause. 1. Nothing to do with the Supreme Court. 2. National Laws are superior to state laws. g. Article VII. i. Ratification. 1. Delegates of each of the state. 2. As soon as 9/13 states ratified, it went into effect. a. A lot of people thought it needed a Bill of Rights. 4. Federalist papers. a. 85 Essays. i. Hamilton, Madison, Jay. ii. Promote support for the new Constitution. iii. Inside to why the Constitution was written the way it was.. 5. The Bill of Rights. a. First 10 Amendments. i. These things were experienced, therefore needed to be protected by/ from the people.
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