New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here


by: Nozima Notetaker

subjectivism PHIL 1050

Nozima Notetaker

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Moral subjectivism
Intro to Philosophy
Dr. Archer Joel
Class Notes
subjectivism, relativism, Morality, ethics
25 ?




Popular in Intro to Philosophy

Popular in Philosophy

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nozima Notetaker on Sunday September 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 1050 at Saint Louis University taught by Dr. Archer Joel in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Intro to Philosophy in Philosophy at Saint Louis University.


Reviews for subjectivism


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/11/16
Week 3 notes Pojman p.529-540 Ethical relativism versus ethical objectivism. Ethics asks: what is the right thing to do? Subjective relativism answers: whatever you think is right. Cultural relativism: what is right depends on your context or culture.  Ethnocentrism- the uncritical belief that in the inherent superiority of one’s own culture.  Moral objectivism- the view that there are universal moral principles, valid for all people at all times and climes. o Author wants to argue that ethical relativism is a mistaken theory and that the cultural differences do not demonstrate that all ways of life are equally valid from a moral perspective.  Ethical relativism is the theory that there are no universally valid moral principles; that all moral principles are valid relative to culture or individual choice. o Two types of relativism:  Conventionalism  Holds that moral principles are relative to the culture or society.  Subjectivism  Holds that individual choice determines the validity of moral principles. o 2 theses of relativism:  diversity thesis:  specifies that what is considered morally right and wrong varies from society to society, so hat there are no moral principles accepted by all societies.  Also called cultural relativism: moral rules differ from society to society.  A dependency thesis:  Specifies that all moral principles derive their validity from cultural acceptance.  Individual acts are right or wrong depending on the nature of society from which they emanate. o There are no unique universally valid moral principles, objective standards that apply to all people everywhere and at all times.  Subjectivism treats individuals as billiard balls on a societal pool table where they meet only in radical collisions, each aiming from its own goal and striving to do in the other fellow first.  Conventional ethical relativism- the view that there are no objective moral principles but that all valid moral principles are justified by virtue of their cultural acceptance- recognizes the social nature of morality.  Absolutist believes that there are nonverridable moral principles that ought never to be violated. o One ought to never break a promise or tell a lie, no matter what.  Objectivist need to posit any nonverridable principles, at least not in unqualified general form, and so not be an absolutist. o Objectivism is the view that moral principles have objective validity whether or not people recognize them as such; that is, moral rightness or wrongness does not depend on social approval but on independent considerations. Objectivism differs from absolutism in that it allows that all or many of its principles are overridable in given situations. 09/07/2016  Ethics- philosophical study of morality, that is, nature of good and evil, right and wrong. o Ex: Are there certain actions that are absolutely right and wrong depending on the culture?  What is the nature of happiness? 09/09/2016  Moral relativism (know this word) o It’s a view that moral rightness and wrongness vary from society to society, or from person to person and that there are no absolute moral standards on all people at all times. o Whether there you do right or wrong is a matter of taste or depends on the culture (religious background).  All actions are equally right or wrong  Good and bad are relative to the situation or group of people. o Two types of moral relativism:  Moral subjectivism:  Moral values are relative to the person/individual.  Everything right or wrong depends on person.  Each person decides what is right or wrong.  Moral conventionalism:  Person cannot decide right or wrong but rather culture, society, religion decides for you.  All cultures are right and there is nothing beyond them.  Moral values are relative to societies and culture. o Question is whether everyone correct in their beliefs; whether moral codes that society adopt are right. o Motivations for believing in moral relativism:  Tolerance  If you are tolerant about other cultures, then you ought to say that they are correct.  Lack of an ultimate judge  Who is to say that they are wrong.  Disbelief in God.  Moral Subjectivism: o Against moral subjectivism: 1. It would imply that moral monsters are justified in their actions. 2.


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.