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Week 3 - Organic Chemistry: Lecture Notes Ch. 1

by: Audrey Hernandez

Week 3 - Organic Chemistry: Lecture Notes Ch. 1 CHEM 2410

Marketplace > University of Toledo > Organic Chemistry > CHEM 2410 > Week 3 Organic Chemistry Lecture Notes Ch 1
Audrey Hernandez
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About this Document

These notes finalize the basics of orbital hybridization and the end of chapter 1 as covered in week 3 of class.
Organic Chemistry 1
Joseph Schmidt
Class Notes
Chemistry, Science, organic
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Audrey Hernandez on Sunday September 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CHEM 2410 at University of Toledo taught by Joseph Schmidt in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Organic Chemistry 1 in Organic Chemistry at University of Toledo.


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Date Created: 09/11/16
Organic Chemistry I Week 3 Lecture Notes  Dr. Joseph Schmidt   Hybridization    ❖ Hybridization model  ➢ Think of it like taking the orbitals that will hybridize and mixing them up in a bag  together  ■ A 1s and a 3p to make a sp​  3 ➢ Keep in mind that the number of orbitals you start out with should be equivalent  to the number of orbitals you end with (like the law of conservation)   ■ Another note to keep in mind is that like there can be orbital reinforcement  among like orbitals    ➢ Other things to keep in mind:  ■ Atoms like carbon with 4 valence electrons will hybridize their orbitals in  order to have those 4 valence electrons (picture below depicts the electron  orbitals of a carbon molecule)    ■ Atoms like oxygen with two lone pairs will hybridize because it will want  them to behave similarly (or be around the same energy level) (image  below depicts the electron orbitals of an oxygen molecule)  Organic Chemistry I Week 3 Lecture Notes  Dr. Joseph Schmidt     ❖ Easy ways to spot hybrid orbitals:  3​ ­​ ➢ sp​  ­ 4 electron (e​) charge clouds with no double bonds   ➢ sp​ ­ will normally be on an atom with 1 double bond  ➢ sp ­ can be found on an atom with 1 triple bond  ❖ The difference between alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes:  ➢ Alkanes have all single bonds  ➢ Alkenes will have at least one double bond  ➢ Alkynes will contain at least one triple bond  ❖ Short points to remember:  ➢ As bonds shorten the bond strength will increase  ➢ The marginal strength gained from it will decrease as the bond continues to  shorten  ■ In short, the difference decreases but the bonds still remain stronger than  the last one   


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