New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

English 219 Week 2 Notes

by: Brittany Sholl

English 219 Week 2 Notes English 219

Marketplace > Iowa State University > Linguistics > English 219 > English 219 Week 2 Notes
Brittany Sholl
GPA 3.0

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover the words of language! Including: morphology, affixes, and word classes! :) Everything covered in week 2 of class!
Introduction to Linguistics
Class Notes
Lingustics, english, 219, words, morphemes, English morphology, prefixes, Suffixes
25 ?




Popular in Introduction to Linguistics

Popular in Linguistics

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brittany Sholl on Sunday September 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to English 219 at Iowa State University taught by Sonsaat in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Linguistics in Linguistics at Iowa State University.

Similar to English 219 at ISU


Reviews for English 219 Week 2 Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/11/16
The Words of Language Thursday, September 1, 2016 12:40 PM The Words of Language Word: Smallest freeform found in a language o A word can stand on its own o Does not have to occur in a fixed position to sound "okay" Morpheme: Smallest unit of language that carries info about the meaning {Every word is a morpheme, but not every morpheme is a word**} o (More on Morphemes down the page) :) Word Classes Content Words: lexical meanings, and also open class words EX: nouns, verbs, adjectives {Can create new words} Function Words: closed class words, grammatical meaning, use of function EX: propositions; conjunctions {Rarely new words added} Important things to know:  The brain treats and processes these words differently  We're more likely to process content words compared to function words  We don’t always use function words  Sometimes we mix the places of content words Morphology {Morphemes are used for word formation**} Word formation: helps us to recognize words and possible words EX: Word: asymmetrical Morphemes within this word: a - symmetry- ic - al Word: unforgettable Morphemes within this word: un - for - get- able Free Morphemes Bound Morphemes  Can stand alone  Can only function with other words  monomorphemic  Attached  polymorphemic Dervational Morphemes Inflectional Morphemes CHANGE DO NOT CHANGE  Carry semantic meaning EX: Cat ---> Cat(s) EX: Run ---> Runn(er) (the -s suffix only makes the word (the -er suffix changes the plural without changing the meaning) word from a verb to a noun) More about bound morphemes: Infixes: morphemes that are inserted inside a root Circumfixes: affixes that attach to both the beginning and the end of a root Roots and Stems  A root may or may not stand alone as a word EX: hospitalization ---> hospital is the root Bound root: Cannot stand alone and can only occur in a combination with other morphemes  A non-affix morpheme that can stand alone EX: receive ---> cieve Affixes Prefixes: attached to the beginning of a word {Can be separated into semantic groups:} o Time, Number, Place, Degree, Privative, Negative, Size Time: preheat, postdate, forewarning Number: multigrain, bicycle, polyglot Place: interact, subway Degree: supernatural, overdone Privative: apolitical, demilitarize, defrost Negative: nonsmoker, unapologetic, antisocial Size: megawatt, macroeconomics, microchip Suffixes: added on to the ends of words Nominal suffixes  Often employed to derive nouns EX: -ing --> building -ful ---> handful -er ---> dancer Verbal Suffixes  Derive verbs EX: -en ---> harden - ify ---> solidify Adjectival suffixes  Derive adjectives EX: -able/ible ---> fashionable - ary ---> legendary Adverbial suffixes Derive adverbs  EX: -ly---> additionally -wise ---> lengthwise Compounds: If two roots combine, it is a compound EX: spoon + feed: spoon-feed (v) over + turn: overturn (v) {we have different p/s because the English language does not allow certain sounds or letters next to one another} Allomorphs: A variety of a single morpheme  Alternate pronunciation of a phonological form of a morpheme in a particular linguistic environment


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.