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INS3003 introduction to international affairs

by: Jessica Ralph

INS3003 introduction to international affairs INS3003

Marketplace > Florida State University > International Studies > INS3003 > INS3003 introduction to international affairs
Jessica Ralph
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About this Document

These are notes from the start of the semester up until the second week of september.
Introduction to International Affairs
Whitney Bendeck
Class Notes
International, Affairs, political, Science




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica Ralph on Monday September 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to INS3003 at Florida State University taught by Whitney Bendeck in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 212 views. For similar materials see Introduction to International Affairs in International Studies at Florida State University.


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Date Created: 09/12/16
September 8, 2016 Opening vocab -State (country of nation-state): the largest actor in the international system  Independent and legitimate entity defined by its territorial border with sovereign power to conduct its own affairs -Sovereignty: situation where the state possesses “legal autonomy” and can determine policy within its borders by its own authority; does not fall under the authority of any other power  Sovereign states enjoy membership in the international political community Overview of lecture Introduction to Realism 1. Classical Realism (Hans Morgenthau) a. Response to US idealism b. Pursuit of power (realpolitik) 2. Neo-realism (Kenneth waltz) a. Aka structural realism b. Assumptions i. States are rational unitary actors ii. States seek security iii. Anarchy c. Balance of power i. Alliances ii. Bandwagoning iii. Balancing d. Polarity i. Uni-polarity (hegemonic stability theory) ii. Bi-polarity iii. Multi-polarity e. Security dilemma-prisoners dilemma (game theory) i. Relative gains = zero sum ii. Absolute gains = non-zero sum 2 dominate theories of international relation’s key assumptions REALISM  MAIN POINT: not to promote war, rather, find solutions and systems that breeds peace  balance of power  State centered o States are rational unitary actors  “Rational” – behavior should be predictable for the most part and make rational decisions to ensure survival  “Unitary” – acting on their own  Dominate throughout cold war  Focuses on national security o Survival of state through promoting national security o Seek security to protect themselves o Polarity: viewing security through sections of power  Uni-polarity  One major pole of power/hegemon right now: US  Hegemonic stability theory: one hegemon is so powerful that it can deter any threats against it  Not a stable system  Bi-polarity  Achieved BOP  Cold war  Multi-polarity  Where we are headed now with china, India, Russia, Brazil, EU  Very unstable world o Too many players, ideas, competition, more room for miscalculation, alliances less clear  Can be defined as a quest for power o States are power-seeking, they pursue power and use realpolitik (power politics)  Primary actor: state o Don’t see organization or NGOs as most powerful actors in international systems  Serve interest of state but don’t hold power  Not concerned with internal politics and ideologies o Developed in context of WW as theory  We live under anarchy o No global power over state  If you are able to establish BOP  equilibrium globally  less war o Alliances  BOP  Can be very beneficial but can also make small conflicts much larger than they needed to be  Enemy of my enemy is my friend  SHOULD NEVER BE PERMANENT o Realists form alliance system known as bandwagoning (dangerous)  Powers are not balanced  Weaker powers flock to major powers for their protection  In favor of relative gains = zero sum o What one is gaining perhaps at another’s expense  Gains  security, power o Absolute gains (opposite) = non-zero sum  Gain together  PERFECT REALIST STATE: ISRAEL o Has security dilemma  main concern is to survive o Self-help state  Cannot rely on US or UN to help them o Rational and unitary actor  2 main branches  Classical realism o “Early version” o Morgenthau’s “Politics Among Nations” in 1948 o Connection between state behavior and leader of state  Individuals are power seeking/aggressive  aggressive state o Saw that states are seeking power, how is this impacting their neighbor who also wants power?   Competition among states  war  To avoid war you must always be prepared for war Prevent war through fear o Thought idealism was naïve  a state may participate in something like the league of nations but only so long is it gets something out of it Neo-realism (structural realism) o Softer version o Developed with end of cold war o Kenneth Waltz “Theory of International Politics” 1979  Not all states are power hungry, but all states want to survive and remain states  Quest for security  Coined term “self-help”: how states act in international system in a way because they see they are responsible for their own survival No real entity in power to make states behave (not UN) o Influence of state not on individual leader  Hitler didn’t start WW2, the threats in Germany did  Idealism o Precursor for liberalism o Believe in perfectibility of man o Woodrow Wilson: architect of theory  14 points  creation of league of nations o States increased communication  trust, better relations o Promoted democratization


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