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SW 1300_Week 2_Notes

by: alley_hilton

SW 1300_Week 2_Notes SW 1300

Marketplace > Texas Tech University > SW 1300 > SW 1300_Week 2_Notes
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These notes will be covered on Exam 1
The Why and How of Social Services
Robert Wood
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by alley_hilton on Monday September 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SW 1300 at Texas Tech University taught by Robert Wood in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views.


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Date Created: 09/12/16
 Social Stratification  System by which a society ranks nations and categories of people in a  hierarchy.  System where groups of people are divided into layers based on power,  prestige and property.  It carries over from generation to generation.  i.e. rich vs. poor.  It is universal but variable rich and poor countries have it.  It involves not just inequality, but beliefs as well.  We believe certain things about inequality.  i.e. working harder=more money.  It places large groups of people together, not individuals!!  Caste System  Social stratification based on ascription, or birth.  In America, it was segregation.  Little or no social mobility.  Caste position determines life from birth.  Caste guides everyday life by keeping people in the company of their “own kind.”  Endogamy  The practice of marrying only those in your same social class.  Offspring will be the same as the two parents. If the two parents have  different social castes, the offspring will be in the lower one.  Ritual Pollution  The belief that encounters with a person of lower class will pollute you.  Leads to a ritual of cleansing.  Class System  Social stratification based on both birth and individual achievement, Wealth.  More fluid than caste.  Meritocracy  A concept that refers to social stratification based on personal merit.  Skills and attributes one can use for the benefit of society.  Status Consistency  The degree of consistency in a person’s social standing across various  dimensions of social inequality.  When one has a mixture of high and low status (high pay/low prestige or low  pay/high prestige), usually more politically radical than average.  Caste=low in all areas=status consistent.  Class=maybe high pay/low prestige etc=status inconsistent.  Social Mobility  A change in position within the social hierarchy.  The ability to go up and down the social ladder. There are boundaries set up  in this system that slow movement up and down!!!  Structural Social Mobility  A shift in the social position of large numbers of people due more to  changes in society than to individual efforts.  i.e. installing phone lines (cell phones happened). Women in WWll.  Blacksmiths.  How to maintain this stratification?  Ideology  Easiest way to maintain stratification.  Cultural beliefs that justify particular social arrangements, including  patterns of inequality. o i.e. Divine Right of Kings in European history (king was put there by God, so going against king is like going against God). o People at top are supposed to be at the top and people at the  bottom are supposed to be at the bottom.  Every culture considers some type of inequality fair.  Using force (military).  Control Technology.  Social Stratification  How does it work/keep people engaged?  Davis Moore Thesis. 1. We need to make sure all the jobs are full. 2. Belief that some jobs are more important.  Medical, Engineers, Firemen, Teachers, Police, Janitors. 3. Give greater rewards to these jobs.  They are all important, but don’t make equal. o Typically, more school=more money.  But there are ways around it.  Criticism o That all jobs are important.  Max Weber  3 different parts of your social class.  Property (money).  Prestige.  Power.  These things will fluctuate.  If you have enough of one of them, you gain all of them.  Socio­economic status is not just about money, it is about all 3 of these  things.  Symbolic interaction  Social Class  Social Standing effects out day­to­day interactions.  Conspicuous Consumption  When we buy/use products, that product says something specifically  about you.  Wealth  Amount of money you have from your assets.  This is a better determining factor of a person’s lifestyle.  Income  Amount of money that is coming in.  Power­Elite  The people with the most power and their decision affect more people  than just a group.  Money Inequalities Affect us  School/Education. 


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