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Sociology Weeks 1 and 2 Class Notes

by: Jonathan Thomas

Sociology Weeks 1 and 2 Class Notes Sociology 112

Marketplace > Brigham Young University > Sociology 112 > Sociology Weeks 1 and 2 Class Notes
Jonathan Thomas
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About this Document

A review of concepts taught during the first and second weeks of Professor Gibbs' class.
Current Social Problems
Professor Ben Gibbs
Class Notes
sociology, Psychology, Introduction to Sociology, social, byu, Gibbs




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jonathan Thomas on Monday September 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Sociology 112 at Brigham Young University taught by Professor Ben Gibbs in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 43 views.

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Date Created: 09/12/16
SOC 112,  Current Social Problems  Gibbs    CLASS NOTES (Weeks 1­2)  What is sociology?  ­ The study of efficiency in a society.  ­ The study of how society influences the individual.  ­ Is meant to increase people’s personal agency (a.k.a. More choices).    Social stratification: Answering the question of “who gets what and why?” and the  different factors that play into it.    Total equality isn’t the goal of sociological studies, it is ​​ air inequality.  Meritocracy: People in a society are rewarded solely based on their personal merit.    Why can’t everyone just be wealthy and successful?  ­ Scarcity and limited resources  ­ Natural (resources) and Artificial (greed, corruption, etc.) Scarcity    Success is determined by a host of background influences that often can’t be known by  us.    Success = ​extraordinary talent​ + ​extraordinary opportunities​ + ​extraordinary drive    10,000 hour rule: it takes 10,000 hours of practice or experience in a certain field of  interest to become expert at it.    Caste System = Rewards distributed to people based on uncontrollable characteristics  (a.k.a. Race, gender, heritage, etc.)    Two Types of Intelligence:  ­ Practical or Social Intelligence: knowing what to say to people to make them do  what you want, being a people person.  ­ Analytical Intelligence: Book smarts  Both are needed to have success.      Resources shape parenting decisions:  ­ Wealt​hy Parents follow a C ​ oncerted Cultivation route which gives their children  an inheritance of possibility.  ​ ­ Poorer parents follow a N ​ atural Growth route (a.k.a. “Let them choose their own  course”) which gives their children an inheritance of constraint.    Contrast provides light on how important societal influences are.    Two types of Structure:  ­ Formal: Laws, enforced expectations, observed closely  ­ Informal: Unenforced expectations, norms, customs    Characterist​ics can either be achieved by them being ​ascribed to us (a.k.a. We don’t  control these, they happen automatically ­ race, class, gender, family history) or  ​ achievement (we personally gain these from our own effort).    Social Problem: A condition that somehow disadvantages a group of people which the  public tries to remedy or understand.    The four stages of Social Reform:  1: Emergence: Claims making  2: Coalescence: Gather support for the reform  3: Formalization: Becomes a matter of political notice/debate  4: Decline           


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