Sociology Weeks 1 and 2 Class Notes
Sociology Weeks 1 and 2 Class Notes Sociology 112
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jonathan Thomas on Monday September 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Sociology 112 at Brigham Young University taught by Professor Ben Gibbs in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 43 views.
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Date Created: 09/12/16
SOC 112, Current Social Problems Gibbs CLASS NOTES (Weeks 12) What is sociology? The study of efficiency in a society. The study of how society influences the individual. Is meant to increase people’s personal agency (a.k.a. More choices). Social stratification: Answering the question of “who gets what and why?” and the different factors that play into it. Total equality isn’t the goal of sociological studies, it is air inequality. Meritocracy: People in a society are rewarded solely based on their personal merit. Why can’t everyone just be wealthy and successful? Scarcity and limited resources Natural (resources) and Artificial (greed, corruption, etc.) Scarcity Success is determined by a host of background influences that often can’t be known by us. Success = extraordinary talent + extraordinary opportunities + extraordinary drive 10,000 hour rule: it takes 10,000 hours of practice or experience in a certain field of interest to become expert at it. Caste System = Rewards distributed to people based on uncontrollable characteristics (a.k.a. Race, gender, heritage, etc.) Two Types of Intelligence: Practical or Social Intelligence: knowing what to say to people to make them do what you want, being a people person. Analytical Intelligence: Book smarts Both are needed to have success. Resources shape parenting decisions: Wealthy Parents follow a C oncerted Cultivation route which gives their children an inheritance of possibility. Poorer parents follow a N atural Growth route (a.k.a. “Let them choose their own course”) which gives their children an inheritance of constraint. Contrast provides light on how important societal influences are. Two types of Structure: Formal: Laws, enforced expectations, observed closely Informal: Unenforced expectations, norms, customs Characteristics can either be achieved by them being ascribed to us (a.k.a. We don’t control these, they happen automatically race, class, gender, family history) or achievement (we personally gain these from our own effort). Social Problem: A condition that somehow disadvantages a group of people which the public tries to remedy or understand. The four stages of Social Reform: 1: Emergence: Claims making 2: Coalescence: Gather support for the reform 3: Formalization: Becomes a matter of political notice/debate 4: Decline
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