Social Work Policy II (SW 417) Sept 6 & Sept 8
Social Work Policy II (SW 417) Sept 6 & Sept 8 SW 417
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sydney Anderson on Monday September 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SW 417 at University of Mississippi taught by Boyas, Javier Francisco in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Social Welfare Policy II in Social Work at University of Mississippi.
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Date Created: 09/12/16
History of Social Policy Influences Political ideology Conservatism ● Market economy and private industry should meet social welfare needs ● Most agree on being antiunion; against government regulations; lower taxes and less spending; local control education; oppose civil rights legislation; states’ rights ● Social work programming erodes U.S. work ethic, diverts tax revenue that could be used in private sector, lessens profits and global competitiveness, undermines free market society Classical conservatism ● Typically constitutionalists, separation of church and state, less federal government intervention, economic, social, political freedom ● Equality isn’t important ● Society is and should be in a hierarchy of layers ● Elites have the right to rule but responsibilities for welfare of others: “noblesse oblige” (if they can lead, they should) ● Stability of society is key (law and order) ● Customs and traditions are important Neoconservatism ● Favor globalism (unlike classical conservatives) ● Downplay religious issues ● Unlikely to actively oppose abortion and homosexuality ● Democracy can and should be installed across the world ● Fault government for fostering growth of social welfare industry Cultural conservatives ● In 80s and mid 90s, wanted greater control against government intrusion in private sector and corporate America ● Profamily, anti gay rights, prolife ● School prayer, buying foreign anything, English as U.S.’s national language ● Large social work programs don’t maximize selfinterest ● Minimalist intervention from government to help maximize individual self and market economy Liberalism ● Believe in big government ● Equality for all ● Government's duty to alleviate social ills and protect civil liberties and individual rights ● Government needs to protect people from themselves ● Not afraid to explore new ideas ● Increase taxes, especially on rich ● Decrease/maintain defense spending ● Regulation and worker protection ● Against school vouchers Classical liberalism ● Belief that it federal intervention is necessary for enhancing public good ● Rights come from the government ● Use of coercion to elicit actions from individuals is illegitimate ● People can divvy up their property equally within a group and share it for a socially acceptable cause as long as it's voluntary ● Advancing public good by promoting and expanding economy coupled with the growth of universal social welfare and health programs Neoliberalism ● Sustained economic growth is the way to human progress ● Welcomes big business ● Free market is most efficient ● Economic globalization ● Privatization removes inefficiencies of public sector ● Call for public and individual responsibility through labor market ● Government should mainly function to provide infrastructure to advance the rule of law with respect to property rights and contracts Religious traditions and social welfare ● Judaismjustice ● Islamcharity ● Buddhismcompassion and good deeds ● Confucianismselfsacrifice ● American Indian religionscollectivism ● Christianity care and charity English poor laws ● Local responsibility for social welfare ● "Worthy poor"orphans, widows, disabled, elderly ● "Unworthy poor" drunks, lazy, ablebodied ● Principle of least responsibility (they give you the least you're eligible for) Constitution and social welfare ● States primarily responsible for social welfare ● Initially, only protected white, landowning males ● Bill of Rightsframework for civil rights protections ● Private philanthropy ● Continued principles of English poor laws ● Volstead Act (prohibition) 18th amendment ● Government creates laws about upholding morals (drinking, drugs, prostitution, etc.)
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