Poly Sci 2310 September 7, Supplemental Chapter 1 Notes
Poly Sci 2310 September 7, Supplemental Chapter 1 Notes Poly Sci 2310
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kyler Notetaker on Monday September 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Poly Sci 2310 at Texas State University taught by Thomas F. Varacalli in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Principles of American Government in Political Science at Texas State University.
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Date Created: 09/12/16
More Key Terms (Chapter 1 Cont.) Wednesday, September 7, 2016 12:33 PM • Politics-the means by which society settles its conflicts and allocates the resulting benefits and costs • Power-the ability of persons, groups, or institutions to influence political developments. • Authoritarian Government-government that openly represses its political opponents • Democracy- form of government in which the people govern, either directly or indirectly • In practice, democracy has come to mean majority rule through the free and open election of representatives. • Majoritarianism-the idea that the majority prevails not only in elections but also in determining policy. • Pluralism- a theory of American politics that holds that society's interests are substantially represented through the activities of groups. • Authority-the recognized right of officials • Not all authority comes directly from the people (e.g. the executive order, bureaucratic rules) American Constitutionalism • The American Founders did not want "the majority" to tyrannize "the minority" • Constitutionalism-The idea that there are lawful restrictions on governments power • Legal Action -the use of the courts as a means of asserting rights and interests. • Gideon v. Wainright (1963): if the accused is too poor to hire a lawyer, the government must provide one.
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