Inductive Arguments PHI 151
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alex Ellzey on Monday September 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHI 151 at University of Southern Mississippi taught by Paula Smithka in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Philosophy in Philosophical / Religious / Ethical Perspectives at University of Southern Mississippi.
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Date Created: 09/12/16
Inductive Arguments 09/12/16 I. Inductive arguments a. Strength and cogency b. Kinds of & the criteria for strength i. Enumerative ii. Analogical iii. Abductive: inference to the best explanation II. When arguments go wrong: informal fallacies Page 19 Cogent: strong with all true premises Enumerative Induction o Conclusion—generalization or a prediction 1.Sample size 2.Unbiased or representative Analogical 1.More similarities the better 2.Consider important dissimilarities Abduction: inference to the best explanation o Data/evidence that leads to a hypothesis RR x ww = Rw – pink Rw x Rw = RR (25%) Rw(50%) ww(25%) 1 Conservatism 2 Simplicity – parsimony –Ockham’s razon
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