POLS 2312-001 Chapter 3 Notes
POLS 2312-001 Chapter 3 Notes POLS 2312-001
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nicole Jimenez on Monday September 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 2312-001 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Kimberly Harper in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see State and Local Government in Political Science at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 09/12/16
POLS 2312-001 Chapter 3 September 9, 2016 Local Government I. Can impact our lives in services, parks, education, roads, water, trash Municipal Government I. Has over 1200 II. City Structures a. General Law i. Small ii. Under 5000 people iii. Same (cookie cutter) b. Home-Rule i. Large ii. Over 5000 people iii. Own charter iv. Flexibility v. Powers 1. Recall 2. Initiative 3. Referendum III. City Council Governments a. Commission i. Temporary government b. Weak /Strong Mayor Council i. Depends on the mayor administrative duties IV. Council Manager a. Most common in Home-Rule cities City Politics I. Non-Partisan a. No D/R II. Redistricting III. Gerrymandering IV. At-Large Elections vs. Single Member Districts V. Term Limits Voter Turn-Out I. U.S President a. 55% will vote in November II. Texans that vote in the Presidential election a. 45% b. Gubernatorial i. A governor election 1. 25% c. Local/Constitutional Issues i. 7% (under 10% will vote) POLS 2312-001 Chapter 3 September 9, 2016 d. Pluralists: “Good-Boy system” more minority representatives are being elected i. Race, religion and sexual orientation issues Counties I. Texas has more than any state, with 254 counties II. All are structurally the same III. “The Secretary” of the state IV. Provide the same services as cities V. Governing structure is the Commissioner’s court a. Administrative legislative body VI. Property Tax is the greatest source of tax revenue Special Districts I. Governing structure that help us to cross county or city lines II. Either educational or non-educational a. Educational i. Schools b. Non-educational i. Mass transit systems ii. Hospitals iii. Flood protection III. We have 24 Councils of Government a. COG covers i. Security ii. Roads iii. Education Chapter Questions I. A municipality with a charter prescribed by the legislature is a general-law city. II. Recall is a process for removing elected official through a popular vote. III. Council-manager is the most common form of municipal government in Texas’s larger home-rule. IV. Single member districts end to increase the representation of minorities in local government. V. Redrawing of boundaries after the federal decennial census to create districts with approximately equal population is redistricting VI. A low-income community typically in south Texas that lacks running water, sewer lines, and other essentials are colonias VII. 88% of Texans live in metro areas VIII. County is the level of Texas government is always structurally the same IX. Finance is the bottom line in local government X. To annex is to make an outlying part of a city POLS 2312-001 Chapter 3 September 9, 2016
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