New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

How to make a cladogram

by: Alondra Notetaker

How to make a cladogram 111

Marketplace > Loyola University Chicago > Science > 111 > How to make a cladogram
Alondra Notetaker
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for General Biology Lab

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive General Biology Lab notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

These notes help to ensure that you know how to make a cladogram.
General Biology Lab
Dr. Mazock
Class Notes
Biology, lab, cladogram




Popular in General Biology Lab

Popular in Science

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alondra Notetaker on Monday September 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 111 at Loyola University Chicago taught by Dr. Mazock in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see General Biology Lab in Science at Loyola University Chicago.


Reviews for How to make a cladogram


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/12/16
9/12/16 Cladistics: Shared method of classification which uses shared derived characters to make a cladogram Cladogram: Branching diagram that represents the proposed phylogeny/ evolutionary history of a species/ group • Cladistics assumes that species have an ancestor that the other species do not share * Common ancestor would be at the beginning of the diagram • Cladogram is constructed by giving the correct order in which the derived characters evolved from the outgroup Outgroup: Species that have more ancestral characters with respect to the other organisms being compared In-group: Species or group of species who we are trying to determine their evolution Clade: Group of organisms believed to have evolved from common ancestors Node: Where each line breaks away from the main line. Where they originate represents a common ancestor Characters: Any recognizable trait, feature and property that can be inherited Character States: described in terms of their states. Ex: Hair present vs Hair absent How to Build a Cladogram: 1. Choose a set of organisms (List how they are similar/ different). 2. Fill out data table (matrix) with the different character states. Mark what traits the organisms have. 3. Organize them into the characters you used to compare them. * It can make it easier to create a diagram of the species that have the character traits you organized them into Example: 1. I have chosen Starfish, Frog, Monkey, Rodent and Bird. 2. Going to fill out the matrix. Starfish Frog Monkey Rodent Bird Eggs x x x x x Backbone x x x x 9/12/16 Starfish Frog Monkey Rodent Bird Warm - x x x Blooded Hair x x 3. Creating my diagram of what types of organisms have certain traits. *color coded similar to the matrix above* Diagram: Starfish, Frog, Monkey, Rodent, Bird Frog, Monkey, Rodent, Bird Frog, Monkey, Bird Monkey, Rodent Drawing the Cladogram: Starfish Frog Monkey Eggs Rodent Warm- Blooded Bird Hair Backbone


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.