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Anatomy and Physiology Week 1

by: Kendall Notetaker

Anatomy and Physiology Week 1 ES 2030

Kendall Notetaker

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About this Document

These notes cover an introduction to anatomy and physiology such as cells, homeostasis, definitions, and directional terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Dr. Anne Moody
Class Notes
anatomy, Physiology, Lecture, notes
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kendall Notetaker on Monday September 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ES 2030 at Appalachian State University taught by Dr. Anne Moody in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Anatomy and Physiology in ES Exercise Science at Appalachian State University.

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Date Created: 09/12/16
ES 2030 Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1  Anatomy: the study of the structure of body parts and their relationship to one another o Gross or Macroscopic  Regional: all structures in one part of body  Systemic: gross anatomy of body studied by system  Surface:  study of internal structures as they relate to overlying skin  Physiology: considers the operation of specific organ systems (what do certain organs do) **Function ALWAYS reflects structure* What a structure can do depends on its shape, size, and location.  Necessary Life Functions o Maintaining boundaries: internal separate from external o Responsiveness: ability to sense change and respond o Metabolism: all chemical reactions that occur in the body  How Organ Systems are Related o Nutrients and oxygen distributed by blood o Metabolic wastes eliminated by urinary and respiratory systems o Skeletal and muscular systems  Homeostasis o Body systems interact to maintain this, ability to maintain a stable internal  environment o Loss of homeostatic control causes illness or death  Anatomical Position o Body erect, feet slightly apart, palms facing forward, thumbs pointing away from  body  Anatomical/Directional Terms o Distal (far from trunk) vs. Proximal (close to trunk) o Lateral (away from midline) vs. Medial (closer to midline) o Anterior (ventral, front side) vs. Posterior (dorsal, back side) o Superior (close to head) vs. Inferior (far from head) o Superficial (close to surface) vs. Deep (far from surface) o Plantar (bottom of foot) vs. Dorsal (top of foot)  Body Cavities o Dorsal o Cranial o Thoracic o Abdominal o Pelvic o Vertebral o Diaphragm (separates thoracic and abdominal)  Body Planes o Frontal (separates front and back) o Midsagittal (separates left and right) o Transverse (separates upper and lower)


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