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Music 121 Week 4 Notes

by: Carter Cox

Music 121 Week 4 Notes MUS 121

Carter Cox

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Elements of Music
Intro to lisenting
Joshua Williams
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Carter Cox on Monday September 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUS 121 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Joshua Williams in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views.


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Date Created: 09/12/16
Music 121 Week 3 Notes Exam Next week (1-3)- concert etiquette Elements of Music (Chapter 1) Sound - Sounds created by instruments are called notes. They are a result of vibrations activated by a sounding body - Highness or lowness of a note is called a pitch - Precise pitches us determined by the frequency of the vibration - Pitches are represented on a musical staf o Set of five horizontal lines o Placed on or between the lines Dynamics - Levels of loudness and softness in music - Exist to create contrast and emotion in music - Pianissimo (pp), Piano (p) Mezzo Piano (mp), Mezzo Forte (mf), Forte (f), and Fortissimo (f) o Softest to loudest Rhythm - Ordered flow of music through time - Regular recurrent pulsation in most music is called the beat - Organization of beats into units is called meter o These units are called measures and are separated by bar lines on the staf - Meter: duple, triple, quadruple - Tempo determines how fast or slow a piece is preformed o Grave, adagio, andante, allegro, presto - Rubato indicates freedom to move ahead or behind the tempo - Fermata tells performer to hold a note longer than its normal time o Know what it looks and what is represents Melody - Series of notes that add up to a recognizable whole - Fractions of music that create melodies are known as motives o Sometimes created by rhythm or a sequence of notes - (Legato stretch notes) (Staccato lots of space between notes) - Melodies made up of shorter sections called phrases - Phrase o More or less complete musical idea that ends with a cadence - Cadence o Points in music that create a sense of a finality or tension Harmony - Vertical alignment of notes - Involves notes sounding at the same time - Two notes sounding at the same time is an interval or simultaneity o Consonant (stable) o Dissonant (Unstable) - Consists of three or more notes called cords o Simplest unit is a triad - Series of chords is called a chord progression which serves as the driving force in harmony Concert Etiquette - Formal events- dress nice o Suits, dresses, khakis and button down - Arrive early - When conductor comes on stage clap - Not finished till final applause - When its start no leaving - Sound of, brightness down - No food, drinks, dip - No sleeping - Common sense and be respectable


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