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SOC101 Chapter 1 notes - 8/31

by: Hannah Mattingly

SOC101 Chapter 1 notes - 8/31 SOC 101

Marketplace > Pima Community College > SOC 101 > SOC101 Chapter 1 notes 8 31
Hannah Mattingly
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About this Document

Notes over Chapter 1 in the Sociology text book and over lecture given on 8/31.
Introduction to Sociology
Joanne Taylor
Class Notes
studysoup, sociology, study, soc101




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hannah Mattingly on Monday September 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 101 at Pima Community College taught by Joanne Taylor in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views.


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Date Created: 09/12/16
Sociology 8/31 CHAPTER 1 v What is Sociology? Ø The systematic study of human behavior in society v Is sociology just common sense? Ø NO. § Common sense is subjective and ignores the FACTS that challenge cherished beliefs § Common sense varies across different groups and cultures § Much of common sense is based on myths and misconceptions v Sociological imagination Ø The ability to see the relationship between individual experiences and larger social influences. Ø How do larger social forces affect individuals and how individuals affect society? v Microsociology: How people affect our everyday lives Ø Examine the patterns of individuals’ social interaction in specific settings v Macrosociology: How social structure affects our everyday lives Ø Focus on large-scale patterns and processes that characterize society as a whole v Sociological Theories Ø Functionalism § August Comte § Emile Durkeim § Talcott Parsons • People like having a structured environment • Everyone has a place • Follow culturally constructed rules • People know and understand their place ♦ Punishment and rewards Ø Consensus theory (dysfunction) Ø Macro- looks at society as a whole, not individual Ø Micro- looks at the individual Ø Conflict/Marxism § Karl Marx § W.E.B. DuBois § Feminism • Capitalism: people work on the bottom to better the lives of the people on top • Tension between social groups • Inequality Sociology 8/31 ♦ Social order is challenged by a group who believes they are NOT being treated equally Ø Conflict Ø Macro Ø Symbolic interactionism § Max Weber § George Herbert Mead • Non-verbal signals • Identifying social interactions ♦ Social interactions that influence someone’s decision Ø Consensus and conflict Ø Individual (micro) to understand macro Ø Rational choice § Max Weber • Decisions are made based on experience • Efficiency and organization in the modes of production ♦ Make “rational” decisions based on the best possible outcome Ø Consensus Ø Macro with micro elements Ø Post modernism § Jean Baudrillard • Tradition doesn’t apply to our society due to diversity • “each to their own” ♦ people individually interpret diverse ideas to navigate through chaos Ø individualism Ø individual understands how individual acts in society Ø micro to understand micro in the macro


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