ANTHROPOLOGY RACE AND MINORITIES
ANTHROPOLOGY RACE AND MINORITIES ANTY 122S - 01
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ANTY 122S - 01
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Meaghan Raw on Monday September 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTY 122S - 01 at University of Montana taught by Gregory Ray Campbell (P in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Race and Minorities in Social Sciences at University of Montana.
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Date Created: 09/12/16
RACE AND MINORITIES: Week 1-2 8/31/16 Radical difference matters There is such thing as racial consciousness Society is hyper racial and ethnicity conscious Race and ethnicity matter Goals of the course o Reveal race and racism in the US and its political and economic utility o Review major us ethnic groups and their racialized experiences o Historical concept of race and ethnicity o Uncover the relationships between race and ethnicity 9/2/16 There is no exact point in history where race was formed, but it does have a history o The big event that led to race was the era of colonization o Prior to this Europe had a myopic view of the world that was viewed in a Judaic Christian view as an immutable system o The Great Chain of Being (St. Augustine) came about God made the world therefore it is perfection and it doesn’t need to be changed or altered in any way The idea of race strongly correlates with the concept of civilization o Social organization of language didn’t have a specific term for race before civilization came about o The concept of race was taught o Ethnocentrism Belief that your values are better than another’s o Civilizations develop a divine core that made race a way to define itself Anyone outside of this divine core became the “other” o The “other” cannot be without another without the concept of race Divided between: Difference Hierarchy Superior vs. inferior The Iliad by Homer defines the “other” by not having the associated qualities that the core has Barbaphoni Lack an articulate language Aristotle taught that the “other” make natural slaves and if not then they become outcasts Hadrian’s wall was a divider between civilization and those that are outcasts to it o Civilizations that developed began to formulate and express a whole litany of criteria to define people First came about during the Egyptian era Skin color Way of life These criteria led to the concept we know of as race 9/7/16 Review of last few days: o Race took shape through qualities of civilization o 1400’s is when the Great Chain of Being was shattered due to colonization of new lands throughout the world o Colonization encountered many new things and this led to differences among people Fundamental Questions and Differences o Europeans decided to create “order” o The educated embarked on this new order that led to natural history and the development of “Scientific tradition” A way to take discoveries and create order out of the chaos o Europeans developed an imperial science o They developed comparative criteria and based on this they made pigeon holes about the world Comparative studies made explorers compare discoveries to European lifestyle o Natural science parallels political and economic colonialism o Fundamental questions about racial differences emerged Of all people encountered how different are we/they Where do we all fit o European scholars set out to answer these questions o This lead to studies Bernier in 1684 Europeans, far Easterners, Blacks, Lapps o The reason for colonization was superior vs. inferior o The system of race is malleable in that it can be shaped and formed o Data was needed to carry out these studies and to conduct the research that proved these differences Craniometry became the main method 9/9/16 Race has a socialized master, a utility Phenotype and skulls became the focus of race studies (18 century) Studies o 1764 Daubenton A physician that was interested in race Had a global skull collection Used craniometrical methods Developed a measuring system using degrees and hoe the skull positioned itself on the spinal column to determine superior vs. inferior Concluded that he could ascertain ‘racial will-power” Used quantitative data for a qualitative response o 1786 British study conducted by Camper Cranial collection from around the world Measured facial angle He wanted to conclude the “racial scale of beauty” Arian race as the most beautiful o This is where racial purity began to come into play o 1780’s Blumenbach Used Daubenton’s method Came up with the notion of norm verticulus Shape matters from an aerial view Skull shape shows attributes and determines the race o 1809 Gibson and Bell Noted the measure of posterior to inferior Can discover a distinctive sign of the negro race Became popular with people of the south where slavery was popular Racial attributes lead to determining race and how they were inheritable Immutability of racial traits There is an idea that you can discover race even when phenotypically you don’t look like it
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