Psychology 2003 Chapter 1 Notes
Psychology 2003 Chapter 1 Notes PSYC 2003
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Micayla Coco on Monday September 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 2003 at Southern Arkansas University Main Campus taught by Dr. Jon Oxford in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 36 views.
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Date Created: 09/12/16
Chapter One: What is Psychology? Psychology: the scientific study of behavior [can be directly observed] and mental processes [thoughts, feelings, motives] Abnormal Psychology: Normal Psychology: Science of Psychology: Critical thinking Skepticism Objectivity Curiosity Positive Psychology: emphasizes human strengths (i.e. study of happiness) Narcissism Epidemic: Narcissism—self-confident, self-assertive, self-centered The generation born after 1980 is usually considered to be very Narcisistic History of Psychology: Western philosophy Biology and physiology Wilhiem Wundt (1832-1920) o What o 1879 established 1 psych lab o introspection o systematic, detailed o self report o was not exactly a structuralist William James (1842-1910) o Why o Functionalism (functions/purpose of the mind) o Mind’s interactions Charles Darwin (1809-1882) o On the Origin of Species was about natural selection o Psychology and evolution Natural Selection Competition for resources Favors genetic characteristics that promote reproduction and survival Environment changes Sexual Selection Competion for males Male – male or female – female Book mentions giraffes neck Neuroscience Nervous system o Structure o Function o Development o Genetics o Biochemistry Behavioral Approach Environmental determinants of observable behavior Reject explanations referencing thought Notable behaviorists: o Ivan Pavlov (dogs and whistles), John Watson, B. F. Skinner (no free will) Psychodynamic Approach Unconscious thought Conflict between biological drives and demands of society Early childhood family experiences Freud Humanistic Approach Positive human qualities (good by nature) Free will Notable Humanistic Theorists: o Carl Rodgers, Abraham Maslow Cognitive Approach Mental processes involved in knowing Information processing (how we interpret info, weigh it, store it, and apply it) Very experimental Sociocultural Approach Social and cultural environments Differences o Between ethnic and cultural groups o Within and across countries Evolutionary Approach Explanations of human behavior o Adaptation o Reproduction o Natural selection Notable Evolutionary Psychologists o David Buss, David Geary
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