Chapter 1 Review Questions
Chapter 1 Review Questions Psy 201
Popular in General Psychology
Popular in Psychology (PSYC)
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Logan Plyler on Monday September 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psy 201 at York Technical College taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at York Technical College.
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Date Created: 09/12/16
PSY 201 General Psychology Chapter 1 The Science of Psychology Review Questions Name: ______Logan Plyler________ Date: _________8/26/2016__________ Directions: Make sure you write your name on the line above. Please read each question carefully and answer each question in as much detail as possible. 1. What is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes? The scientific study of behavior and mental processes is called psychology. 2. What is associated with outward overt actions and reactions? Behavior is associated with outward actions and reactions. 3. What is associated with internal, covert activity of our minds? Mental process is associated with internal, covert activity of our minds. 4. List and define the four goals of Psychology The four goals of psychology are: 1. Description What is happening? 2. Explanation Why is it happening? 3. Prediction Will it happen again? 4. Control How can it be changed? 5. What is structuralism and who was a main figure of structuralism? Structuralism is focused on the structure or basic elements of the mind. Wilhelm Wundt is the main figure of structuralism. 6. What is functionalism and who was a main figure of functionalism? Functionalism is associated with how the mind allows people to adapt, live, work, and play. The main figure of functionalism is William James. 7. What is Gestalt Psychology? Gestalt psychology is “good figure” psychology, which started with Wertheimer, who studied sensation and perception. 8. What is Cognitive Psychology? Review Questions – Chapter 1 Page 1 Cognitive psychology is a field focusing on learning, memory, thought process, and problem solving as well as perception. 9. What is Psychoanalysis? Psychoanalysis is the theory that stresses the importance of unconscious psychological conflicts in shaping personality. 10. What is Behaviorism and who was it proposed by? Behaviorism is the science of behavior that focuses on observable behavior only, which must be directly seen and measured. This was proposed by John B. Watson. 11. List and define the seven modern perspectives of Psychology. The seven modern perspectives of psychology are: 1. Psychodynamic The modern version of psychoanalysis 2. Behavioral Operant conditioning of voluntary behavior 3. Humanistic People have free will, emphasizes the human potential 4. Cognitive Focuses on memory, intelligence, perception, problem solving, and learning 5. Sociocultural focuses on the relationship between social behavior and culture 6. Biopsycholgical attributes behavior to biological events occurring in the body 7. Evolutionary Focuses on the biological bases of universal mental characteristics humans share 12. What is the difference between a Psychiatrist and a Psychologist? A psychiatrist is a medical doctor that can diagnose and treat patients. A psychologist is a professional with an academic degree and specialized training in one or more areas of psychology. Psychologists can teach, counsel, and research. 13. What is critical thinking? Critical thinking is making reasoned judges about claims. 14. What are the three steps of critical thinking? 15. The system of gathering data so that bias and error in measurement are reduced is called What? Scientific Method 16. List the five steps of the scientific method. Review Questions – Chapter 1 Page 2 1. Perceive the question 2. Form a hypothesis 3. Test the hypothesis 4. Draw conclusions 5. Report your results 17. List the four descriptive methods of scientific research. 1. Naturalistic observation 2. Laboratory observation 3. Case study 4. Surveys 18. What is the Placebo Effect? The placebo effect is the phenomenon in which the expectations of the participants in a study can influence their behavior. 19. What is the difference between an Independent Variable and a Dependent Variable? An independent variable is manipulated by the experimenter. The dependent variable is the measurable response or behavior of the subjects in the experiment. 20. What is the Institutional Review Board? The Institutional Review Board is a group of psychologists or other professionals who look over each proposed research study and judge it according to safety and ethics. Review Questions – Chapter 1 Page 3