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POS 2041 Chapter 1 and 2 notes

by: Vyre

POS 2041 Chapter 1 and 2 notes POS 2041

Marketplace > St Petersburg College > History > POS 2041 > POS 2041 Chapter 1 and 2 notes
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These notes are in a powerpoint kind of format. They are aimed for people to quickly look over and review, while at the same time maintaining a good amount of information. The information is on cha...
American National Government
Professor Lightfoot
Class Notes
American Government




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Vyre on Monday September 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POS 2041 at St Petersburg College taught by Professor Lightfoot in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see American National Government in History at St Petersburg College.


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Date Created: 09/12/16
Hi everyone I hope you’re ready to pass American Government. American Government Notes  Political efficiency is involved in a repeating circle of things o Trust > Political efficiency > Political Knowledge > Citizenship >  Civic responsibility.  Rousseau created the social contract theory  John Locke created natural rights and consent of the governed   Peoples rights can’t exist without freedom o Demos – people o Kratia – rule  Indirect democracy – USA  Oligarchy – government ruled by few powerful people.  Egypt was a theocracy, Pharaoh was both religious and a political leader  The following table describes the USA’s population over time. 1790 1900 2016 Protestant Protestant Protestant 4 million people 76 million people 319 million people White – 81% White – 88% White – 63% Black – 19% Black – 12% Black – 12% Other ­ .05% Hispanic – 17% Asian – 5% Native American – 1% Direct Democracy  Pros – people participate directly in their government  People have and see their impact in their government Initiative Referendum Recall Groups  National, religion, ethic group, generation, social classes,  workplace Political spectrum Radical ­ Liberal    ­   Moderate     ­    Conservative   ­ Reactionary < Left wing Center           Right wing > Beginning of the end  End of salutary neglect ­1763  Proclamation of – 1763  Quartering act – 1764  Sugar act – 1764  Stamp act – 1765  Declatorry act – 1766  Townshend act – 1767  Boston massacre – 1770  Boston tea party – 1773  Intolerable acts – 1774 st  1  Continental congress – sept 1774  Lexington and Concord – 1775  Richard Henry Lee – Independence  Thomas Paine – Common sense  Declaration of independence – 1776  2  Continental congress, Washington – 1776 The power of money flow from greatest to least 1. New England merchants  2. Southern planters – min of 10 slaves 3. Royalist 4. Small business, craftsman, laborers, artisans 5. Small farmers Articles of Confederation  Adopted – 1777      Ratified – 1781  Unicameral congress – One vote each state  9/13 states need to pass legislation  No separate executive or judiciary   Congress could not regulate interstate or foreign commerce  Congress could not levy or collect taxes  Congress could not raise an army  Amendments required unanimous approval The Virginia Plan  Introduced by Edmund Randolph  Bicameral legislation  Representation based on population  Single executive selected by legislature  Congress can legislate where states are incompetent The New Jersey Plan  Introduced by William Patterson   Unicameral legislature   Equal representation   Plural executive chosen by legislature  Congress has the power to tax and regulate commerce The Great Compromise  Introduced by Roger Sherman  Bicameral legislature  One house based on population  Equal population in the other house  Single executive  Congress given power to tax  All appropriation bills must originate in the house  The slavery issue  3/5 compromise  Separation of powers  Checks and balances  Limited powers  Federalist and anti­federalist Federalist papers Proposing (Federal) Ratifying (state) 2/3 vote congress ¾ state leg approve National convention National convention  Hamilton, Madison, and Jay are responsible for Federalist papers Forbidden from Constitution  Bill of attainder  Ex post facto law


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