New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

The Space Race (Part 2) - ASTR 1345 - Lectures 3&4

by: Sera (Notetaker)

The Space Race (Part 2) - ASTR 1345 - Lectures 3&4 ASTR 1345-004

Marketplace > University of Texas at Arlington > ASTR 1345-004 > The Space Race Part 2 ASTR 1345 Lectures 3 4
Sera (Notetaker)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

This is Part 2 (the final part) of my notes from America's response to Russian rocketry all the way to NASA in the modern day.
Intro to Astronomy 1
James J Davis
Class Notes
thespacerace, spacerace, space, race, astronomy, rockets, NASA, history, spacehistory, David, astr1345, notes
25 ?




Popular in Intro to Astronomy 1

Popular in Department

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sera (Notetaker) on Monday September 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ASTR 1345-004 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by James J Davis in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views.


Reviews for The Space Race (Part 2) - ASTR 1345 - Lectures 3&4


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/12/16
Note taker: Sera ASTR 1345-004 The Space Race (Part 2) th Astronomy in the 20 Century Unit 1, Lectures 3 & 4 American Response  Explorer and Vanguard missions o Meant to study Earth’s upper atmosphere o Both ended in explosions due to faulty designs and a lack of coordination between departments Man In Space Soonest  Project M.I.S.S.  Goal was to beat the Soviet Union in manned space flight  Would have used ballistic missiles & Air Force test pilots  Would probably also have killed the pilot (one of whom would have been Neil Armstrong) HARP Gun (1962-1967)  High Altitude Research Project  Cheap option for suborbital flight  Designed by Gerald Bull  Infeasible for manned flight Project Babylon (1988)  Gerald Bull’s project taken to Iraq where it was used to attack Israel and Iran Sputnik Crisis  Crisis about the scientific and technological state of America  The Space Race stats o Launched satellites into orbit -> Russia o Explored Earth’s upper atmosphere -> Russia o Sent humans into space -> Russia o Landed probes on other planets -> Russia o Landed humans on the moon -> US First Man in Space  Yuri Gagarin o April 12, 1961 o Hero of the Soviet Union o Had to jump out of his tumbling vessel on reentry Note taker: Sera ASTR 1345-004 More Soviet Firsts  1961: First human to orbit Earth multiple times (G. Titov)  1961: Venus flyby (Venera 1)  1962: Mars flyby (Mars 1)  1963: First woman in space (Valentina Tereshkova)  First space walk  Launched two dogs into space and brought them back US Achievements  Launched HAM (a Chimpanzee) on January 21, 1961 (before the first man was sent into space)  Launched Able (rhesus monkey) on May 28, 1959 Race to the Moon  Kennedy’s Goals o Land a man on the moon by 1970 o Project Apollo o Project Gemini o Project Mercury Project Mercury (1959-1963)  Goal: Manned space flight st  Alan Shepard – 1 American in space  John Glenn – 1 American to orbit Earth (4 times)  Gus Grisom – 2 American in space  Mercury 7 o 7 astronaut team chosen to go into space Project Gemini  Goal: Complete complex orbital maneuvers, docking, and endurance  10 flights in 1965 and 1966 st  Ed White – 1 American to space walk  Neil Armstrong’s computer failed on his mission and kept going off course, causing his vessel to rotate 60 times a minute until he could get in under control  Gemini 6 and 7 o Rendezvous and exchanged astronauts  Buzz Aldrin – had the most successful spacewalk due to his scuba diving experience Note taker: Sera ASTR 1345-004 Surveying the Moon  US & USSR both studied the moon with orbiters, impactors, and rovers Project Apollo  Goal: Land man on the moon and return them safely o Largest engineering feat in history  Problem: needed a bigger rocket o Titan & Redstone Rockets were too small to reach the moon (250-mile range, moon: 250,000 miles away)  Solution: Development of Saturn V super rocket Apollo 1 (1967)  Live test of critical CM equipment o Rehearsal for February 1967 launch  3-man crew o Gus Grissom o Edward White o Roger Chaffee  Untested system suffered numerous failures  All astronauts died when there was a fire in the lunar capsule and they couldn’t get the door open o 1 month before the mission was meant to happen  All members of the crew had stars named in their honor o Navi o Dnoces o Regor Battle for the Moon  NASA o Saturn V o 13 successes, 0 losses  Russia o NI o 4 failures More Apollo Missions Apollo 8  3-day trip to the moon  Christmas Eve, 1968  Landed in the lunar daytime (good temperature, no stars) Note taker: Sera ASTR 1345-004 Apollo 11  First moon landing crew  Two landers, one pilot o Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, & Michael Collins Time Marches On  Space Shuttle Program – 1981 to 2011  International Space Station – 1998 to 2020 Unmanned NASA Missions  Sun: Solar Maximum Mission, SOHO, Ulysses, STEREO  Mercury: Messenger  Venus: Pioneer, Venus, Magellan  Mars: Viking 1 & 2, Pathfinder, Global Surveyor, 2001 Mars Odyssey, Exploration Rovers, Reconnaissance Orbiter, Phoenix Lander  Moon: Clementine, Lunar Prospector, Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, GLAST  Jupiter: Pioneer 10 & 11, Voyager 1 & 2, Galileo, New Horizons, Juno  Saturn: Pioneer 11, Voyager 1 & 2, Cassini  Uranus & Neptune: Voyager 2  Comets & Asteroids: Deep Impact: Dawn, Deep Space 1, Stardust, NEAR, Shoemaker  Pluto: New Horizons Private Space Sector  ULA & SpaceX: satellite launch companies  Virgin Galactic: space tourism  Bigelow: space habitat construction NASA Now  No current manned launch capabilities o NASA uses Russian rockets  Developing the Space Launch System rocket o Would be the largest rocket ever built o Orion crew capsule development OSIRIS  Asteroid sample return o Asteroids are time capsules of the earlier solar system o Prelude to bringing an actual asteroid to Earth Note taker: Sera ASTR 1345-004 Future NASA Missions  Asteroid capture (~2020) o Robotically tether to a small asteroid and transfer it to lunar orbit  Mars sample return (~2035) o Land humans on Mars and bring back samples and people NASA’s Side Jobs  Fighting wildfires o Western States Fire mission, fire environment equipment  Finding ancient cities o Ubar, abandoned in 300AD, thought to be a myth until found  Inventions: Memory foam pillows, LED lights, invisible braces, scratch-resistant lenses, highway grooving, oil spill cleaning


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.