RES 351 notes Week 3 Day 5
RES 351 notes Week 3 Day 5 RES 351
Popular in Jesus and the Gospels
Popular in Religious and Ethical Studies
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cassidy_SWK2018 on Monday September 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to RES 351 at Meredith College taught by Dr. Shannon Grimes in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Jesus and the Gospels in Religious and Ethical Studies at Meredith College.
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Date Created: 09/12/16
RES 351 9-8-16 Matthew Focus on themes and history in the text 1. Matthew is mentioned in all four gospels as a disciple a. In Matthew’s Gospel he names himself a tax collector (only Gospel that does this) i. Tax collectors were hated b/c taxes went to Rome b. In Mark, Levi is the tax collector 2. Scholars think Matt was written at Antioch a. Thriving city in Syria with many synagogues and large Jewish population b. Christianity thrived here too c. Reasons why we think this i. Peter was there and Matthew was a close associate of Peter ii. There was a large Jewish community there and Matt is the most Jewish of the Gospels d. Matthew uses “city” a lot, so we think he was writing for an urban audience e. Peter and Paul had a fight in Antioch over Jewish law i. Jewish laws were more important to Peter than to Paul 3. Didache 1 century, ca. 100 a. Early Christian manual for behavior and ethics b. They quote Matthew c. This text was very popular in Syrian Christian communities (like Antioch) 4. Matthew written ca. 80-85 5. Writing style is very polished, meant to be read aloud a. He was probably the head of a Christian community or a preacher b. His writing is the most popular of the Gospels because it is so elegant and persuasive, it was meant for preaching c. Matthew is the longest Gospel d. Reproduces about 90% of Mark, but elaborates on a lot of it 6. Themes in Matthew a. Higher righteousness i. In spite of dangers ii. Lots of commandments, rules, laws b. Genealogy c. Persecution d. God speaks through dreams (birth story) e. Matt 23 – antagonism towards other Jews 7. Stanton says Matthew models Jesus as a new Moses a. “Sermon on the Mount” b. Giving laws with a different interpretation 8. Birth story in Matthew a. Moses’s birth story (8lb. 8oz. little baby Moses (awwwww)) i. Babies were being slaughtered by Pharaoh, but Moses was saved b. Jesus’ birth story i. Herod kills all boy babies in an effort to kill Jesus 1. No evidence this really happened 2. Readers would have understood the connection being made to Moses c. Jews are occupied by Rome and Hebrews in Moses’ time were slaves to Egypt i. Presenting same history happening in a new way d. Other Gospel writers don’t rely so heavily on Moses. This is unique to Matthew e. Jesus as New Moses similarities i. Birth story (persecution) ii. Sermon on Mount (law given) 9. Statements on the Law, starting in Matthew 5:17-27 a. Obvious that Matthew likes the Law b. Jesus takes the commandments a step further (call to higher righteousness) i. Monitoring your thoughts is emphasized 10. Pharisees and scribes a. 2 temple Judaism b. Josephus mentions four distinct groups in Jesus’ time i. Sadducees 1. Included, but not limited to, the priests of the temple 2. Aristocrats 3. Associated with local judicial system 4. Usually upper class 5. Cooperated w/ Rome b/c they were in positions of authority ii. Pharisees 1. Rabbis a. Legal scholars/teachers/scribes who taught in synagogues 2. Debated about meanings of the Law (oral Torah (Jewish teachings and law)) iii. Zealots 1. Revolutionaries, freedom fighters iv. Essenes 1. Monastic, apocalyptic, critical of the Temple c. Jesus has a lot of Pharisee qualities and some Essene qualities i. He had a lot of zealot followers ii. When Jesus is criticizing the Pharisees, we have to understand that that is what Pharisees do, they debate the law 11. Torah/Talmud a. You’re supposed to wrestle with the meaning and interpretation of laws b. Jesus is criticizing people for letting the law rest at one level. He is encouraging deeper thought
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