Ch. 2 Constitutional Democracy: Promoting Liberty and Self Government
Ch. 2 Constitutional Democracy: Promoting Liberty and Self Government Posi 2310
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Marissa Ramon on Monday September 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Posi 2310 at Texas State University taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Principles of American Government in Political Science at Texas State University.
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Date Created: 09/12/16
Ch. 2 Constitutional Democracy: Promoting Liberty and Self Government limited government> a government that is subject to strict limits on uses of power and its ability to deprive people of their liberty representative government> a government where the people govern through the selection of representatives Colonial and Revolutionary Era >limited government and democratic institutions were popular in England English Bill of Rights (1689) >British colonists were taxed frequently Stamp Act: tax on paper products Townshend Act: tax on paper, glass, and tea Tea Act: led to Boston Tea Party First Continental Congress> no taxation without representation Declaration of Independence> call to revolution (liberty, equality, individual rights, self government, and lawful powers) governments derive their just powers from the consent of the governed philosophy of John Locke Articles of Confederation> states retained full sovereignty, freedom, and independence 1. prohibited Congress from interfering in state's commerce policies 2. prohibited Congress from levying taxes 3. required unanimous consent of states to approve amendments >social tensions (Daniel Shays led farmers in a rebellion to prevent foreclosures on their land) and economic tensions (of commerce and trade) led to the revision of the Articles of Confederation Negotiating toward a Constitution New Jersey Plan Virginia Plan The Constitution Who is sovereign? States People People What law is State Law National Law National Law supreme? Bicameral: equal What kind of Unicameral: one Bicameral: votes in Senate, legislature? vote per state representation based representation by on population population in House What is the Unanimous approval Popular ratification Amendment process amendment process? of states less difficult Federalists> favor strong national government and supports the Constitution (James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, John Jay are the authors of the Federalist Papers) AntiFederalists> favor strong state government and weak national government and opposes the Constitution Major Goals of the Framers of the Constitution 1. to establish a strong government to meet the nation's needs 2. to establish a government that wouldn't threaten the existence of the separate states 3. to establish a government that would not threaten people's liberty 4. to establish a government based on popular consent Limited Government grants of power> limiting government by confining authority to the powers granted in the Constitution (17 powers) denials of power> a constitutional listing of powers that the government is prohibited from using Bill of Rights> restricts power of government and protects individual rights (freedom rights) Judicial Review> courts determine if governmental institution is acting within its constitutional powers (established after the Marbury v. Madison Case) Representative Government Tyranny of Majority> "the people acting as an irrational mob that tramples on the rights of the majority" Ex: sports gets more funding than music majority rule in a republic is limited to protect minority rights >indirect election of president (electoral college) and senators >federal judiciary appointed and not elected *we are a liberal democracy* 17th Amendment> allows us to appoint or vote for state senators Jeffersonian Democracy> government belongs to all and not just to the elite Jacksonian Democracy> award electoral votes for state's popular vote Modern Day Constitutional> power gained through elections to be exercised in accordance with law and due respect for individual rights Democratic> provides for majority influence via elections Republic> mix of deliberative institutions, each of which moderates the power of others
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