New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Prehistory (aka before the Spanish arrive in Texas)

by: Kayla Lusk

Prehistory (aka before the Spanish arrive in Texas) HIST 4700

Marketplace > University of North Texas > History > HIST 4700 > Prehistory aka before the Spanish arrive in Texas
Kayla Lusk
GPA 3.6

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Week 1
Texas History
Dr. Andrew J. Torget
Class Notes
texas, history, Indians
25 ?




Popular in Texas History

Popular in History

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kayla Lusk on Monday September 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 4700 at University of North Texas taught by Dr. Andrew J. Torget in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Texas History in History at University of North Texas.


Reviews for Prehistory (aka before the Spanish arrive in Texas)


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/12/16
Texas History Week 1 Prehistory of Texas (aka before Spanish Explorers) Geography of Texas Matters! The regions include: th 1. Southern High Plains- flat area, open spaces, thin topsoil, on the 100 Meridian so less rain than other regions in texas 2. Eastern Piney Woods- east texas, trees, good soil, get rekt 3. East Cross Timbers- b/w the top 2, halfway plains and wooded region. Plenty of rain, but flat th 4. Gulf Coastal Plains- rainy, humid, swamp, East of the 100 Meridian, 5. Rio Grande Plain- humid, “The Valley” of South Texas, scrubbier natural fauna, closer to a desert 6. Trans- Pecos- Mountains of West Texas-dry, arid, desert End of the Last Ice Age-it was still cold, the glaciers of North America ran south, and Texas is south, so a lot of river systems. the regions are defined by the rivers there LARGE animals, Mastadons, Giant Sloths, no people yet, they had to cross the Bering Strait first. First People in Texas- 12,000 BC-they followed the herding animals to eat, and to follow the weather- settled in the plains region of Texas 8000 years ago- Giant Animals dying off of the plains region of texas 7000 years ago- drought in texas for 3000 years 600 AD- Natives farming corn in North America-hunting smaller animals-they left the plains regions of north America because of the lack of large herding animals- they were bigger than the modern buffalo 1500 AD Indian Groups: Apaches (coming South), Witchitas further east, Caddos in the Eastern Piney oods, Atakapas further south, Karankawas on the Coast, Cohuiltecans in the Valley, Jumanos in West Texas, and Pueblos in Far west into New Mexico Caddos: East TX Piney woods, green and lush area, focused on agriculture and trade. They had a surplus of food, but for Texas, that isn’t saying much. Caddo Empire of Trade, large villages around 200,000 people in 1500, militarized kinda Atakapas: Louisiana/TX Border, not as hip with it as the Caddos because of their geography. Seasonal villages for hunting and gathering, and raids Karankawas: the assholes, they were very militaristic, into raiding, down on the Gulf Coast, hunting and gathering, farming, a lot of family units with a similar language, “Dog Lover”, had dogs (Domesticated coyotes) Cohuiltecans: everybody else that got pushed into the less fertile region of Texas. Not an actual tribe, just a collection of losers from Cohuila Mexico and Texans (Cohuil+Texans=Cohuiltecans) Jumanos:Adobe homes, small bison, hunted to death by the apaches coming south by 1730s Apaches: Recent arrivals to the Texas scene from Oklahoma, fierce and warlike culture, but not as great as the Caddos until the arrival of the Spanish with their horses, followed bison for food Witchitas: Between the Apaches and caddos, N TX, went into the plains for hunting No Comanches on the scene until horses, from Colorado Population Estimates for 1500 AD: 1. US+Canada-12 million people 2. Mexico-35 million people 3. South America- 60 million people because of the Equator thus more food Mayans collapse in Mexico in 900 AD, causing a power vacuum into Mexico Aztecs 1300-1500 in Mexico (Tenochtitlan) roman style expansion


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.