Prehistory (aka before the Spanish arrive in Texas)
Prehistory (aka before the Spanish arrive in Texas) HIST 4700
Popular in Texas History
verified elite notetaker
Popular in History
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kayla Lusk on Monday September 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 4700 at University of North Texas taught by Dr. Andrew J. Torget in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Texas History in History at University of North Texas.
Reviews for Prehistory (aka before the Spanish arrive in Texas)
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/12/16
Texas History Week 1 Prehistory of Texas (aka before Spanish Explorers) Geography of Texas Matters! The regions include: th 1. Southern High Plains- flat area, open spaces, thin topsoil, on the 100 Meridian so less rain than other regions in texas 2. Eastern Piney Woods- east texas, trees, good soil, get rekt 3. East Cross Timbers- b/w the top 2, halfway plains and wooded region. Plenty of rain, but flat th 4. Gulf Coastal Plains- rainy, humid, swamp, East of the 100 Meridian, 5. Rio Grande Plain- humid, “The Valley” of South Texas, scrubbier natural fauna, closer to a desert 6. Trans- Pecos- Mountains of West Texas-dry, arid, desert End of the Last Ice Age-it was still cold, the glaciers of North America ran south, and Texas is south, so a lot of river systems. the regions are defined by the rivers there LARGE animals, Mastadons, Giant Sloths, no people yet, they had to cross the Bering Strait first. First People in Texas- 12,000 BC-they followed the herding animals to eat, and to follow the weather- settled in the plains region of Texas 8000 years ago- Giant Animals dying off of the plains region of texas 7000 years ago- drought in texas for 3000 years 600 AD- Natives farming corn in North America-hunting smaller animals-they left the plains regions of north America because of the lack of large herding animals- they were bigger than the modern buffalo 1500 AD Indian Groups: Apaches (coming South), Witchitas further east, Caddos in the Eastern Piney oods, Atakapas further south, Karankawas on the Coast, Cohuiltecans in the Valley, Jumanos in West Texas, and Pueblos in Far west into New Mexico Caddos: East TX Piney woods, green and lush area, focused on agriculture and trade. They had a surplus of food, but for Texas, that isn’t saying much. Caddo Empire of Trade, large villages around 200,000 people in 1500, militarized kinda Atakapas: Louisiana/TX Border, not as hip with it as the Caddos because of their geography. Seasonal villages for hunting and gathering, and raids Karankawas: the assholes, they were very militaristic, into raiding, down on the Gulf Coast, hunting and gathering, farming, a lot of family units with a similar language, “Dog Lover”, had dogs (Domesticated coyotes) Cohuiltecans: everybody else that got pushed into the less fertile region of Texas. Not an actual tribe, just a collection of losers from Cohuila Mexico and Texans (Cohuil+Texans=Cohuiltecans) Jumanos:Adobe homes, small bison, hunted to death by the apaches coming south by 1730s Apaches: Recent arrivals to the Texas scene from Oklahoma, fierce and warlike culture, but not as great as the Caddos until the arrival of the Spanish with their horses, followed bison for food Witchitas: Between the Apaches and caddos, N TX, went into the plains for hunting No Comanches on the scene until horses, from Colorado Population Estimates for 1500 AD: 1. US+Canada-12 million people 2. Mexico-35 million people 3. South America- 60 million people because of the Equator thus more food Mayans collapse in Mexico in 900 AD, causing a power vacuum into Mexico Aztecs 1300-1500 in Mexico (Tenochtitlan) roman style expansion
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'