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Frank Ching Architecture: Form, Space and Order Pages 150 - 245

by: Kaylee Lynn Rowland

Frank Ching Architecture: Form, Space and Order Pages 150 - 245 415

Marketplace > University of Wisconsin - Stout > Art Interior Design > 415 > Frank Ching Architecture Form Space and Order Pages 150 245
Kaylee Lynn Rowland
GPA 3.075
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About this Document

All about Form, Space and Organizations.
Interior Design Studio 3
Maureen Mitton
Class Notes
interior, Design, Studio, space, form, organization, Architecture, order




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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaylee Lynn Rowland on Monday September 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 415 at University of Wisconsin - Stout taught by Maureen Mitton in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Interior Design Studio 3 in Art Interior Design at University of Wisconsin - Stout.


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Date Created: 09/12/16
Des 415 Interior Design Studio 3 Instructor: Maureen Mitton Due: Tuesday, September 13, 2016 Reading NOTES Architecture: Form, Space & Order by Francis Ching Pages 150 – 245 L- Shaped Configuration of Planes - If neither of the vertical planes (Walls, L-shapes are made with only two walls) extends to create a corner, the field of vision will become more dynamic. - L-configurations are self-supporting and can stand alone in space. They are open-ended which allows for them to have flexible space-defining elements. - Frank gives an example of L-Shapes creating privacy and shelter with the Japanese farmers who grew pine trees into thing, high L-shaped hedges to block the cold winter winds and storms from the house, and also a house in Elsinore, Denmark which was built in an L shape to create a private back yard. See Pages 152 and 153 for image examples. - Frank Lloyd Wright and Mies van der Rohe also used this technique. Parallel Vertical Planes - Gives the space a strong directional quality - Adding overhead or a base plane element can accentuate the directional orientation. - Can be interior or exterior. o Interior – corridor o Exterior – facades of two adjacent buildings, or even rows of trees - Le Corbusier’s Sarabhai House is an example of Parallel planes being used as a repetitive pattern. Page 160 - Parallel bearing walls are typically used in multi-family housing, they provide support for floors and roofs and also serve as privacy, acoustical and fire control. U-Shaped Configuration of Planes - If the end of a long, narrow configuration is open, the space will encourage movement - If it is square or almost square it will feel static and become a place to be in rather than to move through. - A u-shaped building can create a private enclosure of an outdoor space o 3 individual linear configurations can create a u-shape. Michelangelo’s Plazza Del Campidoglio: Rome. C.1544. Page 164 4 Planes: Closure - Most typical and strongest form of spatial definition - Creates a complete introverted space - To create visual dominance within the enclosed space, one place can be differentiated from the others by its size, form, surface texture, or an opening - Example, Think of an enclosure within an enclosure, like a building that creates its own fully enclosed courtyard with a building in the middleof it. The Sacred Enclosure (Naigu) 15E Shrine. Mie Prefecture, Japan. Page 170. - Can be clustered or organized Properties of Enclosure - Dimensions - Shape - Configuration - Surface - Edges o Moving an opening that is in the centerto be off center creates visual tension between the opening and the edges of the plane. - Openings o Doors– offer entry into a room and determine patterns of movement o Windows– Allow light into the space, views to the exterior and create opportunity for ventilation  Openings located along the edges of plane can visually weaken the corner boundaries of the space  A large amount of openings or a small amount of large openings can begin to lose its sense of enclosures  The Sun animates the space of a room, and articulates the forms within it because the quality of light changes throughout the day and also season to season.  The location of an opening can determine the amount of light allowed in and also the type– Director indirect  Multiple openings can be clustered, staggered or dispersed to create movement along the surface of the plane Qualities of Space - Proportion - Scale - Form - Definition - Color - Texture - Pattern - Enclosure - Light o Natural – allowed in through openings (windows and doors) - View o Outward orientation given by an opening from inside to outside, or from one space to an adjacent space. o Creates a visual relationship between a room and its surroundings. o Small openings tend to create a view that is viewed like a painting or picture on the wall, where a larger opening tends to dominate a space and project a person into a scene located through the opening. ORGANIZATIONS Space within a space - Large space that contains a smaller space within it - Clear differentiation in size must be made clear, or the surrounding space will lose its impact. - To create drama, the smaller space on the inside could be oriented differently or be a different form to give it a free standing appearance. Interlocking Spaces - Two spaces whose fields overlap in form a zone of shared space - Space between the two separate could be used to link the two separate o Could share Equally Adjacent Spaces - Most common type of spatial relationship - Limits visual and physical access - Reinforces individuality of each space o Allows foraccommodation in each space - Could be defined by columns o This allows for visual and physical access and continuity o Could be read as a single space  Two related zones - Could be implied by a change of level or surface articulation o Could be read as a single space  Two related zones Spaces Linked by a Common Space - Two spaces with distance between them are connected by a third space o The two will be related by the nature of the third space - All three of them could be all the same size and shape and placed in a line - The third intermediate space, if large enough, can become the dominate space and could hold more spaces around itself - SPACTIAL ORGANIZATIONS - What kinds of spaces are accommodated and where? How are they defined? - What relationships are established among the spaces, one to another, and to the exterior? - Where is the organization entered and what configuration does the circulation path have? - What is the exterior form of the organization and how might it respond to its context? Centralized - Number of secondary spaces grouped around a large,dominant, central space - Secondaryspaces may be o equivalent to one another in function form and size o create geometrically and symmetrical configuration o about two or more axes - If secondary spaces differ, the centralized organization had to respond to varyingconditions - Circulation patterns o Radial, loop, or spiral o Pattern ends in the central space Linear - Series of Spaces o Either all linked directly or belinked through a separate distinct linear space - Usually consist of repetitive spacethat are alike in size, form and functionbut can also differ - Each space will have an exterior exposure - Express direction, movement and growth - Can be straight, segmented, or curvilinear - Horizontal, diagonally up or down a slope, or stand vertically as a tower Radial - Both central and linear organizations o Dominate central space from which a number of linear organizations extend - Extroverted scheme unlike Centralized o It reaches out instead of draws in - Radiating arms can differ from one another to respond to individual requirements - Pinwheel pattern o Dynamicpattern o Suggests rotational movement around a central space Clustered - Uses proximity to relate its spaces to one another - Repetitive, cellular spaces with similar functions - Commonvisual trait o Shape or orientation - Not a geometric concept o Form of cluster is flexible o Accepts growth and change without affecting its character - Organized by o Pointof entry o Path of movement through it - No inherent place of importance o Must be articulated by size, form or orientation to be significant - Symmetry or an axial condition can strengthen and unify portions o Helps articulate importance of a space ore group Grid - Forms and spaces whose relations hip is regulated by three dimensionalgrid pattern or field - Regular pattern of Pointsthat define intersections o Two sets of parallel lines that are perpendicular. o Creates modular units of space - Can be dissimilar in size, form and function to have common relationship - Can subtract, add or layered and still maintain identity of grid


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