Art 221 notes Week 3 Day 5
Art 221 notes Week 3 Day 5 Art 221
Popular in Honors Art History Survey I
Popular in Art
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cassidy_SWK2018 on Monday September 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Art 221 at Meredith College taught by Dr. Beth Mulvaney in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Honors Art History Survey I in Art at Meredith College.
Reviews for Art 221 notes Week 3 Day 5
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/12/16
ART 221 9-8-16 Ancient Aegean: Mycenaean Art 1. Funerary mask a. Typical of Mycenaeans to work in gold, they had a lot 2. Inlaid dagger blade with lion hunt, ca. 1600-1500 BCE a. Difference between this and Minoan is the scene of war, even though bodies are similar b. Also it is on a weapon 3. Warrior vase from Mycenae ca. 1200 BCE a. Element of pessimism because they were being invaded b. Less Minoan with tightly drawn qualities in figures Measure, proportion, and reason: the art of ancient Greece 1. “Man is the measure of all things.” 2. Greece was made up of independent city-states, not unified 3. Greek vases (pots) shapes and types a. Amphora i. Held wine b. Panathenaic amphora c. Hydra i. Held water 4. Greek Geometric period a. Geometric krater, ca. 740 BCE, b. Two registers c. Looks like a funeral d. Horses pulling a chariot e. Man on chariot is triangular f. “apple core warriors” i. Abstract ii. Around them is horror vacui, fear of empty space iii. This art doesn’t like blank spots so they throw in geometric shapes g. Mourning gesture, hands above heads (paid mourners) h. Animal sacrifices i. Checkerboard and chevron patterns to fill space j. Having plain bands puts dating around 740 or later 5. Orientalizing period a. Corinthian black-figure amphora with animal friezes, ca. 625-600 BCE i. New method of production 1. Clay with asliph painted on 2. 3 state firing process a. Process of red- and black-figure vessels has 3 stages i. During the first, oxidizing stage, air was allowed into the kiln, turning the whole vase the color of the clay ii. 2 stage green wood was introduced into the chamber and the oxygen supply was reduced, causing the object to turn black in the smoky environment iii. In the third stage, air was reintroduced into the kiln; reserved portions turned back to orange while the glossed areas remained black ii. Applied red and taken sharp instrument to carve more detail iii. Again is uncomfortable with empty space and so added rosettes 6. Archaic period a. Kleitias and Ergotimos (painter and potter), Francois Vase, ca. 570 BCE i. Restored, but missing areas are blank ii. Even handles are decorated with heraldic composition iii. Figures are labelled b/c they are known 1. Some written left to right, some right to left, so first letter is closest to body iv. Man is measure of all things 1. Trying to reproduce male body because they are flawless, centaur is flawed a. Lots of battles with these figures v. Musculature b. Exekias, Achilles and Ajax playing a dice game, ca. 540-30 BCE i. Abt. 2 feet tall ii. Helps with dating iii. Lots of empty space iv. Decorative rays at bottom to accentuate swelling v. Some bordering, but keeps focus on figures vi. Spears point toward table vii. A lot of war is behind the battle scenes, there is time to waste, that’s what’s happening here viii. Men are curved and symmetrical 1. Parenthetical figures (as parentheses) 2. Frames and focuses on this image ix. Thick muscular thighs (typical features) 1. Emphasized by black-figure method x. Written on vase, Ajax rolled 3 and Achilles rolled 4 xi. Using this image as a metaphor, these two heroes are so competitive that they’re still competing in a game 1. This is elevated to the level of the battlefield c. Achilles and Ajax playing a dice game, ca. 525-20 BCE (bilingual vase: Left= Lysippides painted this side; right = Andokides painted this side) i. Andokides is created with discovering the red-figure vase 1. In red-figure, if they outlined the figure they had more freedom 2. Bold, dark silhouettes 3. Red figures are just painted straight on, black-figure had to be etched in later a. Easier to show musculature 4. More relaxed and open than Exekias ii. Darkness suggests depth, which they really valued iii. Helmets are over the decorative pattern, which suggests a 3D space d. Euphronios, Herakles wrestling Antaios, ca. 510 BCE i. Demi-god and earth giant ii. Herakles is usually on the verge of losing because he uses brawn before brains iii. Earth giants get energy from contact with the earth, so Herakles picks them up iv. This is an early moment in the battle v. Bodies are way more musculature vi. Red-figure allows them to explore depth, anatomy, and texture vii. Herakles (dark hair) is very texturized (his hair is) e. Euthymides, three Revelers, ca. 510 BCE i. Interested in moving figures ii. 3 drinkers are dancing iii. Uses foreshortening to show illusion of different perspectives iv. Euthymides signed this by saying “Euphronios never did anything like it” 1. Speaks to level of competition 7. Greek classical period a. Achilles (artist), warrior taking leave of his wife, ca. 440 BCE i. Typical quiet scene ii. Wife looking to husband iii. Husband taking helmet as though about to leave iv. Profile eyes v. Man is leaner and less muscular vi. Quiet dignity and classical profile (straight line from top of forehead to tip of nose) typical of period vii. Beautifully described chair viii. Woman is slouching with raised arm foreshortened b. Niobid (artist), Artemis and Apollo slaying the children of Niobe, ca. 450 BCE i. Artemis’ garment falling gracefully in accordion folds ii. Men are nude b/c of idealization of youthful men iii. Curve line imitates mountain setting c. Free-standing sculpture 8. Greek archaic period a. Lady of Auxerre, ca. 650-625 BCE i. Just over 2 feet tall ii. Typical of archaic – form still has vestiges of geometric period, still cylindrical iii. Not truly proportionate iv. Dedalic hair – like dreadlocks 1. Heavily stylized – typical b. Male counterpart is Metropolitan Kouros, ca. 600 BCE i. Same hair, given headband, called athlete’s bob ii. 6’4’’ tall, over life size iii. Very stylized musculature iv. Shoulder blades are moon shapes v. Knees are patterned, but not realistic c. 7 years later, Anavysos Kouros, ca. 530 BCE i. Very muscular ii. Typical archaic – stylized (hair) iii. Dimples next to mouth 1. Archaic smile used to animate figure 2. Greeks put so much work into studying nature to improve on the musculature iv. Also 6’4’’ d. Female counterpart to male Kouros, Peplos Kore, from the Acropolis, ca. 530 BCE i. 4 ft. tall ii. Sitting on Acropolis when Persians attacked in 480 BCE 1. Threw down statuary iii. Typical of period, stylized hair 1. Archaic smile 2. Cylindrical iv. Pelos shirt gives blousy effect e. Kore in Ionian dress from the Acropolis, ca. 520-510 BCE i. Disproportionate 1. Don’t know where she was placed, maybe it made sense 9. Greek Early Classical/Severe period: from Grins to Stoicism (lack of response) a. Body and mind should be in harmony so the lack of expression means you’re in sync b. Persian attack was like 9/11 c. Kritios boy, from the Acropolis, ca. 480 BCE i. Left leg is weight bearing, so right is relaxed 1. Left hip becomes higher 2. Shoulders also move ii. Finally understand contrapposto or weight shift iii. No archaic smile iv. Hair is “athlete’s bob”, shorter and cropped v. Much better musculature and form vi. Eyes were originally inlaid glass or bone instead of painted on d. Charioteer of Delphi, ca. 470 BCE ***look at link on bronze casting*** i. Lighter weight bronze allows more creativity than marble ii. Cast in honor of an athlete at games iii. Typical of period, no smile and athlete’s bob, inlaid eyes iv. Has eyelashes, crazy detail v. Posture is realistic vi. Folds in garment are asymmetrical b/c that is natural of movement e. Riace Bronze warrior, ca. 460-450 i. Underwater for more than a millennium ii. Has a brother statue iii. Probably holding a shield and lance 10. Vocab a. Asliph – watered down clay
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'