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Geography Week 5 Notes

by: Lilli Ames

Geography Week 5 Notes GR 1123

Lilli Ames
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

South America
intro to world Geography
Christopher Nunley
Class Notes
South, America, geography
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lilli Ames on Monday September 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GR 1123 at Mississippi State University taught by Christopher Nunley in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see intro to world Geography in Geography at Mississippi State University.


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Date Created: 09/12/16
Monday, September 12, 2016 Intro to World Geography Week 5 notes: South America - Contains 12 countries - Mountains in the west, Amazon Basin in the east - Most of the continent’s population lives in Brazil - SA is the fourth largest continent by landmass - more than 20% of the world’s oxygen is produced there - main language is Portuguese (51%) - Longest continent from North to South - Brazil is the 5th biggest country in the world - Has a wide variety of climates and vegetation - Argentina has 5 different climate zones! - Physical regions • Andes Mountains- world’s largest mountain range • Amazon Basin- 2nd longest river in the world • Brazilian Highlands • Pampas- “Great Plains” of SA - 1531- Spanish arrived led by Fransisco Pizarro and enslaved the Incan Empire • silver mining created a lot of wealth for the Spanish - Portuguese took over indigenous populations in Brazil • 90% of the indigenous population died due to disease and dangerous working conditions - Independence from Europe was spurred by the American and French revolutions (1800s- 1900s) 1 Monday, September 12, 2016 - African descendants • half of all slaves brought to the Americas ended up in Brazil • Sugar was the big crop in Brazil - UNASUR- Union of South American Nations • founded in 2008 • trying to establish a single currency shared defense • • Not quite effective though: some countries not interested, fight for control of resources, political posturing - South American Economic Geography 1-Agriculture • • 2-Manufacturing • 3-Oil - Mercosur- the “Southern Common Market” • To promote free trade and the fluid movement of goods, people, and currency Takeaways: - South America has 12 states • Brazil is the largest and has the most population (5th biggest in the world) - Rich in natural resources - Largest continent from N to S (4750 miles) • This allows for wide variety of climates - Argentina has 5 different climate zones - Physical regions: Andes Mountains, Amazon River Basin, Brazilian Highlands, and Pampas (plains) - Incans lived in the Andes Mountains and were very sophisticated (1463-1531) until the Spanish invaded and enslaved them 2 Monday, September 12, 2016 - The native people of Brazil were enslaved by the Portuguese, but 90% died due to disease - Population of South America is around 387.5 million, with more than half of the population living in Brazil - Most of SA is along the coast Wednesday: - More than 80% of the population is urban and growing quickly - Problems in SA: • Disparity of rich and poor • Slums and crime and disease • High levels of corruption (Columbia: drug trade Venezuela: murder rate is 10x higher than in the US) - Human geographic regions of SA: • The Caribbean North - Plantation type lifestyle with European influence - Most population along the coast - Columbia - Venezuela: contains the world’s largest waterfall (Angel Falls) - French Guiana: still under French control • The Andes West - Amerindian population is located here - Rich with untapped resources - Peru: has 1000 miles of coast and 3 geographic zones (Coast, Andes, Rainforest) • Has a desert coast (with 40 oases that produce citrus, olives, and vegetables - Ecuador: Is directly over the equator leading to its name 3 Monday, September 12, 2016 Friday: - Galapagos islands • Visited by Charles Darwin - Bolivia • 90% illiteracy rate • The Southern Cone - Mountains west/ Pampas East - Comprised of 3 countries - Argentina • Second in area to Brazil • Grasslands called Pampas • Heavily influenced by Italians and Germans - Chile • Longest N-S country in the world • Brazil - Powerhouse of SA - Diverse populace (Portuguese, moderate race relations, 13 cities over 1 million people) 4


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