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Week 1 Egyptians, Persians, Minoans

by: Kaylee Lynn Rowland

Week 1 Egyptians, Persians, Minoans 333

Marketplace > University of Wisconsin - Stout > ARTH - Art History > 333 > Week 1 Egyptians Persians Minoans
Kaylee Lynn Rowland
GPA 3.075
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About this Document

6 Slides about the Egyptians, Persians and Minoans
History of Interiors
Dr. James Bryan
Class Notes
history, Interiors, Memorization, Slides, Egyptian, persians, Minoans




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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaylee Lynn Rowland on Monday September 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 333 at University of Wisconsin - Stout taught by Dr. James Bryan in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see History of Interiors in ARTH - Art History at University of Wisconsin - Stout.

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Date Created: 09/12/16
1 Egyptian – - First Major Interior Design th -18 dynasty King Tut - Queen Nefertiti - Egypt very warm dry and sunny – Agriculturally abundant with Nile River - wood work limited due to no forests - sun dried mud bricks mixed with straw to build homes and buildings - bricks weren’t put in kiln they were just mud dried out (Adobe – Spanish term) - Would hold out heat during day and kept heat in at night - Flat roofs worked because it was a dry place and then they could use it as living spaces - Lots of indoor out door living (California life style) - A lot of furniture was built in out of the Adobe brick because you don’t have wood to build tables and other furniture - Not a lot of movable furniture or a lot of furniture in general – Not even Royalty - Everything was built buy hand which meant it took longer and it was scarce to find someone to build furniture. (Wooden moveable furniture) - Not a lot of windows on the outsides of homes due to thieves and other security issues. - there were laws and you got punished if you got caught, but no official police force. - Homes not very durable even Kings lived in them Size depending on class. - temporary because the after life was more important - If tomb didn’t get robbed, the contents was pretty well preserved which gave us a good idea of what they practiced and what culture was like Stool with Double Cove Seat and “Turned” Legs - Stool Much more common/typical then Chairs - Seat is dished in – Coved, Double cove because front back left and right all dish in - Breathable for the hot climate - Ergonomic compared to Adobe bench which would be flat and hard - Dowel leg - Decorative foot carved by hand - Open woven upholstery straw or leather 2 2 New Kingdom Chair From the Tomb of Tutankhamen - Status Chair - Back rest is tipped back just a bit to add to physical comfort - Half way through the era called New Kingdom - Up right Brace in the back with the seat extension to support of the leaned back, back rest - Legs shaped like animal legs (Anatomical) - Furniture that’s meant to hold the human body that has body like aspects - Front legs and back legs are different on animals – Egyptians take special notice to this aspect and put it in their pieces - This cost more to make different shaped legs and adds to the status of the chair - cylinders under the animals feet - possibility of adding these because they moved furniture a lot because they couldn’t afford a lot of furniture so it is to prevent from wear. (Theory) 3 Storage pieces - suppose to resemble architectural buildings – Thought of as a small building - They didn’t have a lot of stuff so they didn’t need big or a lot of storage - There wasn’t very many things that resembled todays cabinets - Hinged on the shorter ends rather than on the long ends like today - Knobs or handles one on the end and one on the top to open but also to lock it with a cord and tie it shut and wrap that with damp clay and stamp a seal - you would have to break the seal - Not to worried about outside thieves because no windows, but worried about inside help/slaves Gable-Lidded Linen Chest - Linens are original - Propped open to see inside – not part of original piece - We have more things from the elite rather than the ordinary - they have more to begin with so they don’t wear them out (More clothes – more than one set of dishes etc.) 4 Persian – - Concurred the Assyrians but were still influenced by them - Persians allowed for the Assyrians to keep some of their ways - saw a good thing when they saw it - Politically aggressive – not just harsh words but murder (Needed money to pay off people to kill others and stay on good terms with gangs or your alliances) - If you are wealthy then you are in politics, and vise versa Throne and footstool in the Assyrian style - Kings throne is Assyrian Style - Ornately carved and crafted - Status symbols of wealth were status symbols of power - Style was a form of advertising your status - King with ambassadors bringing gifts to him on New years Day - The paws on the bottom but unlike the Egyptians this chairs paws don’t face the way an animals paws naturally would. They all point out for symmetry - attached upholstery starts here - High rank of the king is shown in the height of the chair - so high he needs foot stool so his feet don’t dangle off the ground - People to seem to be more impressed with things that we have to look up at rather then down - Chair has vertical stacking with layers - some are structural some are ornate - Persians was the most sacred human beings 5 - too sacred to not be above “It” all - Separation from common folk and ordinary level of the ground. 5 Minoan - - island of Crete - Wasn’t sophisticated sea faring - they were the only ones who really knew how to sail so they didn’t have to worry about war because enemies couldn’t sail very well - They built residents for upper classmen that were large sprawling compounds - interconnected - some residential, some storage, some public spaces - palace like without the kings and queens. 6


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