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Reponses to Race and Discrimination

by: Isis Owusu

Reponses to Race and Discrimination AFAM 2820

Marketplace > University of Georgia > Sociology > AFAM 2820 > Reponses to Race and Discrimination
Isis Owusu

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About this Document

These notes cover some of the theoretical explanations for ethnic relations
Am Race and Ethnicity
Dr. Gardner
Class Notes
sociology, race and ethnicity
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Isis Owusu on Monday September 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AFAM 2820 at University of Georgia taught by Dr. Gardner in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Am Race and Ethnicity in Sociology at University of Georgia.


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Date Created: 09/12/16
• Passive acceptance ◦ the marginalized subpopulation is not pressured to change ◦ active manipulation of the situation • Marginal participation ◦ can find a niche where they prosper ◦ tends to be most successful when the population is small • Assimilation ◦ become a part of broader the culture and society • Withdrawal and self-segeration ◦ sub pop creates it’s own community ◦ hard to maintain • Rebellion and revolt ◦ general hostility and aggressive behavior ◦ rioting • Organized protest ◦ far from totally successful ◦ can generate political power and some social changes Some Theoretical Explanations of Ethnic Relations • trying to explain a how and why explanation • Assimilation theories ◦ Acquiring the sentiments and experiences of the group one is trying to assimilate to ◦ generational process ◦ “melting pot” idea ◦ Robert Park Father of Assimilation Theory Contact subpop. that comes into contact with culture Competition/conflict resources, jobs etc. Accommodation group into hierarchy Assimilation no longer an ethnic distinctiveness ◦ Milton Gordon Levels of Assimilation Cultural Assimilation values,beliefs,dogmas,ideologies,language, and other symbols of the dominant culture Structural Assimilation families,close friends,cliques,clubs,organizations Others dimensions of assimilation marital identification Attitude-receptional whether or not others in the population no longer see the sub pop as different Behavioral-receptional when the sub.pop is treated as the same other members in the pop Civic allowed to participate in civil duties Provide a sense of consequences of discrimination Pro to assimilation theories provide us with measures to assess migraine ethnic subpopulations’ adaptation to dominant culture. ◦ Con don’t explain HOW discriminatory forces operate ◦ Feels “American & perceived as “American" • Melting Pot v. Salad/Stew • Andrew Greely ◦ too much diversity for assimilation theories to account for • Pluralism theories ◦ reaction to “melting pot" ◦ ethnic subpopulations will always remain diverse ◦ process of maintaining ethnicity ◦ although some assimilation occurs, ethnicity always remains a powerful force even for those considered “assimilated" ◦ PRO invaluable corrective to assimilation theories ◦ CON Don’t adequately explain macro social forces that cause and sustain discrimination • Ethnogenesis ◦ Even though some assimilation occurs, many create a distinct identity in response to discrimination ◦ Creation of a new ethnic identity ◦ African American and Chicano ◦ How create an identity? retain old elements Create new elements in response to discrimination


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