PSYC 2310 Week 2 Notes
PSYC 2310 Week 2 Notes Psyc 2301
Austin Community College
Popular in Introduction to Psychology
Popular in Psychology
This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jennifer D on Monday September 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 2301 at Austin Community College taught by Kimya Anthony in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychology at Austin Community College.
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Date Created: 09/12/16
Chapter 1: Thinking Critically with Psychological Science (Continued) PSYC 2301 September 6, 2016 Week 2 Theory: an idea put in place by a hypothesis Explains behaviors or events by offering ideas that organize what we’ve learned Predicts behaviors or events Explanation based on observations Hypothesis: a testable prediction, often implied by a theory A well educated guess Hypothesis Theory 1 2 Example: “students who get a good night’s rest, do well on their test” Research, statistics, texting, experiments, etc. Prove your point, backup your belief with research Hypothesis 1 students do better when they have a good night’s rest Hypothesis 2 sleep is irrelevant; success only depends on the student’s involvement in class Experiment: teach students the same information; have some stay up all night and some sleep Results: one group did better than the other Theory: form your theory based on results Hypothesis Experiment Results Theory 1 2 3 4 Data Tracker :*not proven information; strictly used for study information of diagram Student Success Based on Consumption of Breakfast 10 9 8 7 Student 1 (Ate) 6 Student 2 (Ate) 5 Student 3 (Ate) Grades (Hundred) 4 Student 4 (Skipped) 3 Student 5 (Skipped) 2 Student 6 (Skipped) 1 0 Exam 1 Exam 2 Exam 3 Exam 4 Population : Students Hypothesis : students are more attentive when they eat breakfast in the morning 1 Hypothesis 2: breakfast is not relevant to the student’s focus Experiment: a group of students, half ate breakfast and half did not, attended the same class and took the same exam Results: one group did better and achieved higher grades (those who ate breakfast) Theory: Breakfast is necessary to be attentive and to better obtain information. Improving Retention and Grades: SQ3R: o Survey: scan the headings, notice how the chapter is organized o Question: test your understanding before reading o Read: search for answer to the question o Retrieve: find main ideas; test your knowledge o Review: read over your notes 1. Distribute your study time. Spaced practice is better than massed practice Break up information and study time 2. Learn to think critically. Note assumptions and values Evaluate evidence Assess conclusions 3. Process class information actively. Listen for mainideas and subideas Take notes Ask questions “No reception without reaction, no impression without…expression” William James (Psychologist) Make the information your own (write in your own words) 4. Overlearn. Improves retention Test your knowledge Survey: Survey: questions and answers in order to identify results Population: specific demographic or target group; all those in a group being studied Random Sample: varied group (sporadic) Chapter 3: Consciousness and TwoTrack Mind PSYC 2301 September 8, 2016 Week 2 Consciousness: awareness of your present state Our awareness of ourselves and our environment Selective Attention: the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus Spontaneous Consciousne Daydreaming Drowsiness Dreaming ss Physiological Hallucinations Orgasm Starvation ly Induced Psychologica Sensory lly Induced Deprivation Hypnosis Meditation Selective Attention and Accidents: Handsfree calling is more distracting than having a person in the car with you while having the conversation The physical person can help watch out for surrounding danger Handsfree cause you to focus on what is being said in the conversation rather than focusing on the road Inattentional Blindness: failing to see visible objects when our attention is directed elsewhere Change Blindness: failing to notice changes in the environment Parallel Processing: the processing of many aspects of a problem simultaneously Ex: move right foot counterclockwise and write the number 3 Biological Rhythms and Sleep: People need an average of 9 hours of sleep a day Lack of sleep: o Causes you to gain weight o Causes you to be more hungry o Seeking fuel through food See Body Diagram Attachment Page 1 of 2 Sleep Disorders: Insomnia o Difficulty going to sleep o Difficulty staying asleep Page 2 of 2 How Sleep Deprivation Affects Us Brain Decreased ability to focus attention and Heart process and store memories; increased Increased risk risk of depression of high blood pressure Immune System Decreased production of immune cells; increased risk of viral Stomach infections, such as colds Increase in hunger arousing ghrelin; decrease in hunger suppressing leptin Fat Cells Increased production; greater risk of obesity Muscles Reduced strength; slower reaction time Joints and motor learning Increased inflammation and arthritis
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