Criminal Justice Notes: Weeks 1-3
Criminal Justice Notes: Weeks 1-3 CJ 201
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Pamela Crockett on Monday September 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CJ 201 at University of North Dakota taught by Wendelin Hume in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 39 views.
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Date Created: 09/12/16
The Criminal Justice System/Process Criminal Justice = DYNAMIC Refers to a just way of dealing with crime, criminals, victims. Interdisciplinary: sociology, psychology, law, public policy, chemistry, administration…. etc. Broad View Organized crime (gangs/cults/violence) Murder (serial/mass murder) Intimate violence (date rape/spousal assault) Law Enforcement Assistance Administration (LEAA): Gave $7.7 billion to states to handle crime (no longer exists) Contributed to increased number of people working in criminal justice (sent people to college) Helped to invent the CJ curriculum – Emphasis on research and education. Study of Criminal Justice Scientifically examine methods, procedures, policies, CJ agents, CJ agencies, the role and impact of crime… Two ways to study….. Abstact – Theoretical (us in class) Applied – Working agencies (only with experience) Governmental Structure (Federal, State, Local) Legislative – defines law and criminal behavior/establishes penalties and law affecting procedure. (Financial support and public forum) Judicial – Interpret the law/Impose sentences/Determine guilt or innocence Executive – Plan programs/Appoint and remove personnel/Administrative responsibility/Veto power Size and Expense of the CJ System: 55,000 different public agencies $300 billion+ annual budget 2.4 million employees K18,000 police agencies 17,000 courts 8,000 prosecutorial agencies 1,200 correctional institutions 3,500 probation and parole departments 13 million arrests per year Correctional population of about 7 million Components of Criminal Justice Police: Maintain order; Enforce criminals/traffic; Law discretion Courts: Determine criminal responsibility; Seek truth vs. “bargain justice”; Sentencing Corrections: Incarceration; Community based programs (parole/probation); Hybrid programs (boot camps); Sanctioning force Criminal Justice Process: Focus on flow of cases, not agencies 15 steps listed in text Flow is NOT smooth (steps are decision points – release or continue) Much discretion/bargaining – “assembly line” Out of 1,000 committed crimes: 5 juveniles, 20 adults are incarcerated (funnel model) Criminal Justice Wedding Cake: I. Celebrated cases II. Serious felonies III. Less serious felonies IV. Misdemeanors Agencies of Crime Control: 1. Police: Contact/Investigate/Arrest/Custody 2. Prosecution and Defense (court): Charging (compliant)/Jury/Arraignment/Bail/Plea 3. Court: Adjucation/Disposition/Post conviction remedy 4. Corrections To control or reduce crime…... Nature – type Extent – amount New crimes Policies Programs Definitional Dilemma of CJ Industrial pollution…at what point is it a crime? (poison environment?) Endangering species Corporate profit motive Discriminatory practices Denying medical care Carjacking: 35,000 completed/attempted per year 9 in 10 completed were reported 6 in 10 attempted were reported Victims injured in 24% of completed 77% weapon use 2/3 occur after dark 1% done by women alone 54% by groups of 2 or more Concept of Crime: Consensus – harmful to most/controlled+prohibited by law Interactionist – will of those with power at present time/controlled+prohibited by law Conflict – advance/protect upper class/controlled+prohibited by law How crime/victimization is measured: Survey data…representative sample/interview/questionnaire Aggregate Record Data…files/reports/official Other…observation, experiments, life history
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