Chapter 3 notes Hist 2010
Chapter 3 notes Hist 2010 HIST 2010
University of Memphis
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Terreca Oneal on Tuesday September 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 2010 at University of Memphis taught by Roy Hopper in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 45 views. For similar materials see US to 1877 in History at University of Memphis.
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Date Created: 09/13/16
US History 2010 to 1877 Chapter 3 Anglo-America 1660-1750 As you read and view this chapter’s notes, I highlighted some key points and vocabulary words that you should focus on while studying.. Expansion of England’s Empire - Mercantilism: home government regulates economic activity Principles Adoption by England Place North America in Navigation Act 1651, 1660, 1663 Anglo-Dutch Rivalry on the Hudson - New Netherland - 1664- Colony captured by England; given to Charles II’s brother James, Duke of New York Dutch can keep property - Duke of York’s laws guaranteed religious toleration and created local government; Charter of Liberties and Privileges 1683 Planting the Carolinas - Granted by Charles II 1663 to 1638; propietors to reward loyalty - Settlement by planters from Barbados; recreated plantation system Rice, staple crop - Slave labor, diversity of settlers and environment produced divergence from Chesapeake area Pennsylvania and William Penn’s Holy Experiment - PA was founded in 1681 by William Penn - ‘Holy Experiment’: society run on Quaker principles promoted religious toleration balance of power between rich and poor Native Americans Chain of Friendship The Founding of Georgia - Georgia founded by James Oglethorpe in 1732 - Oglethorpe’s ideas Strategic purpose: buffer between Carolinas and Spanish Florida Charitable purpose: refuge for imprisoned debtors from England Originally rum and slaves prohibited; landowning saw tight - Oglethorpe’s ideas were unpopular and repealed in 1751 Origins of American Slavery - Reasons for rise of slavery Growing demand for plantation labor Practical advantages over other alternatives; indentured servants English cultural perceptions Slaves uncivilized Indentured servants could own land - Slavery in West Indies Rapid rise during 17 century Centrality of sugar production American Slavery - Rise of Chesapeake Slavery: first Africans in Virginia 1619 - Status of Slaves (Africans) in Virginia was unclear for fifty years - Rising slave population prompted stricter slave laws Africans defined as Salves for life Slave status passed in to children Masters possessed total control of slave life and labor Mixing of races not tolerated Long-term consequences Accelerated shift from indentured servitude to African slavery Civil War in Virginia: Bacon’s Rebellion - Discontent with Governor William Berkeley’s rule Berkeley showed favoritism toward wealthy planters Diminishing prospects; rising hardships of small farmers Restraints on white settlement Frontier population felt that Berkeley did not protect them from the Native Americans - Nathaniel Bacon untied discontent in 1676 rebellion Part of rebellion: small farmers, Africans, and women to demand reforms Rebels burned Jamestown Bacon dies of natural causes which ceases the rebellion - Aftermath of Rebellion Berkeley regains control Later recalled back to England upon notification that he was partially responsible for the rebellion Taw reductions, opened Western land, full shift to slavery to ward off future problems, such as… indentured servants not getting land once they have worked their term Colonies in Crises - The Glorious Revolution and the Repercussions of Colonial Government Glorious Revolution in England No one died Overthrowing of James II by his daughter Mary and her husband William (her husband is also her cousin) Establishment of parliamentary supremacy Entrenchment or Protestant succession to throne Affirmation of English rights and liberties Reassertion of Colonial autonomy; new charters Abolition of Dominion of New England New York- Jacob Leisler Rebellion 1689 MA and Plymouth become one 1691 Salem Witch trials - 17 century belief in Supernatural generally believed in Europe and America came from among Puritans customary conceptions and treatments for witches Salem Witch Trials Mounting hysteria Accusations, trials, and punishment Rational explanations for such things Native Americans in Transition - 1675-1676 King Philip (metacom[et]) of Wampanoag attacks: thousands Indians killed - remnants of different tribes re-grouped, formed new nations: Creek Confederacy - native American culture transformed; trade w/ settlers for metal, goods, and firearms - Increased collapse of relations between settlers and Native Americans Social Classes in the Colonies - Elites: rising dominance Regional variants Mercantile elite of New England and Middle Colonies Planter elite of Chesapeake and lower south Means of social and political hegemony Anglicization Aristocratic; lifestyle Hierarchical world view - The Poor Spread of Poverty Slaves Landless tenants and wage earners Attitudes and policies toward poor
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